We have to keep the best of extreme temperatures



Extreme temperature events are the biggest health risk in our country – the authors draw attention to the study of the health effects of climate change in Hungary.

Anna Páldy, senior advisor to the National Public Health Institute; The writing of Tibor Málnási, national institute for public health and János Bobvos, head of the Personnel Department, appeared in September in the thematic issue of Hungarian science, the impact of climate change on our health and health in Hungary. The study is a summary of a 16-year study. The team was led by Anna Páldy.

According to the study, health-related health surveys carried out in Hungary since 2000 indicate the main health risk due to extreme temperature conditions.

The most vulnerable to hot flashes are chronic circulatory, metabolic, respiratory and psychological disorders, the elderly and children.

The effects of hot flashes were observed in 2003 across Europe, and in Western Europe the deaths of more than 70,000 people were caused by the persistently high temperature – it is also clear that in the period of hot flashes the daily mortality in Hungary is about 15 percent is it coming on. At provincial level it varies between 9 and 20 percent, the highest values ​​are found in the provinces of Budapest and Veszprém and in the region of Central Hungary.

The drought caused by the greenhouse effect causes many problems in many places
Photo: AFP

The authors also discuss the effects of climate change. Be mentioned below

the change is expected to affect the spatial and temporal appearance of infectious diseases spread by some animal mediators (insects, rodents).

In our country, Lyme disease is mainly caused by ticks, but some diseases spread by mosquitoes are also reported.

Attention is drawn to the fact that, as a result of the increasing temperature, some microbial food infections and poisonings occur more frequently, for which the mycotoxin content is primarily responsible for mold formation. Mold growth is a major threat to grains, oilseeds and dry fruit products. They note: World Health Organization (WHO) reported 2.4 percent of global diarrhea in climate change in its 2002 report.

Climate change will also affect the spatial and temporal distribution of allergenic plants.

Less than a month later, the pollen season starts mid-January and the ambrosia, the longest flowering weed, can spread its pollen until mid-November. New allergenic plant species are present, such as cedar copper and wall braiding, the importance of which is still unknown.

According to the authors, the health care system must be prepared to mitigate the effects. It is essential to adapt to extreme temperatures in order to have an adequate internal temperature in the settings. Domestic studies have also shown that overheated deaths were more than three times as high as hospitals at home – they say.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report, 2.4 percent of the world's diarrhea can be linked to climate change
Photo: AFP PHOTO / FABRICE COFFRINI

Mainly important for patients is not only for intensive care units, but also for departments for surgery, burns and other injuries, as well as for classrooms that treat chronic patients with air-conditioning systems, thus increasing the current supply of 30 percent.

By presenting the effects of climate change on human health, I would like to draw attention to the importance of preparation, increasing resilience and adaptation, which establish that the national climate change strategy has many goals for human health.

In the short term, defense against heat waves is the most important, but a great deal of attention must be paid to controlling the transmigration of infectious diseases.

In the medium term, food security measures need to be expanded to avoid the indirect effects of climate change. Health care systems need to be strengthened; with great emphasis on prevention – read the article.


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