Researchers examined data on 36,375 adults without a history of cardiovascular disease or diabetes and a low 10-year risk for events such as heart attacks or strokes. Most had levels of the type of cholesterol that accumulates in the blood vessels and can lead to blood clots and heart attacks, known as low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), below the threshold that doctors usually add to cholesterol-lowering drugs. write. .
During the follow-up period of approximately 27 years, 1,086 people died of cardiovascular disease and 598 died of coronary heart disease.
In comparison with people with a very low LDL-C content of less than 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL) of blood, individuals with LDL-C levels ranging from 100 to 159 mg / dL had a 30 to 40% higher risk. on death from cardiovascular diseases. With LDL-C values from 160 mg / dL to 189 mg / DL, people had a 90% higher risk of death from cardiovascular causes. LDL-C values of at least 190 mg / DL had a 70% greater risk.