A new evaluation has shown that sitting alternately for long periods of time with regular breaks to get up and move could help to compensate for the negative effects of a sedentary lifestyle.
The research was conducted by researchers from the University of Otago, New Zealand and the University of Prince Edward Island and the University of Guelph in Canada and analyzed 44 studies that had recruited healthy men and women of all ages to assess the effects of prolonged sitting compare up to 24 hours against interrupted sitting, using different health markings.
These markers include postprandial glucose (glucose measured after a meal, a peak that may indicate problems in the metabolism of carbohydrates and the production of insulin), insulin (high levels thereof may indicate insulin resistance and contribute to conditions such as diabetes) and triglycerides ( a lipid lipid in the blood, which is an important marker for the health of the heart).
The researchers found that compared to prolonged sitting, pause regularly to perform short, repeated periods of activity, reduced blood sugar concentrations and insulin in the bloodstream until nine hours after a meal.
Concentrations of triglycerides in the blood also decreased, although this effect appears to be delayed, only 12 to 16 hours after the activity.
"The current guidelines for physical exercise to sit less and exercise more apply to everyone", said study author Dr. ir. Meredith Peddie. "Most of us spend about 75 percent of our day sitting or sitting, and this behavior is linked to increased rates of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, some cancers and overall mortality."
"We all need to find ways to avoid long periods of time and to increase the amount of exercise we do throughout the day."
Dr. Peddie has said that the most interesting finding from the review is that the levels of decreases in blood sugar, insulin or fat do not appear to be affected by the intensity of activity performed, what you have eaten, how old you are, or how much you weighs.
However, the authors noted that more research is needed to identify the most favorable timing, duration and mode of activity interruption.