A private hospital in Delhi recently released its observation on the current trends that show that obesity gives women a high risk of endometrial cancer. In the last four months, the hospital has treated nine endometrial cancer patients weighing more than 100 kilograms. The cancer is also common in women after the menopause.
All nine patients had a body mass index (BMI) above 40 (normal BMI increases to 24.9) and weigh between 115 and 157 kilograms. Two of the patients were 55 years old and 63 years old and were helped by an early diagnosis that helped heal and recover faster from surgery.
"The risk of endometrial cancer increases nine times in morbidly obese women, compared with women with normal BMI, and with harmful lifestyle habits, leading to a higher incidence of obesity in the country, there has been a proportional increase in breast and endometrial cancer. In the case of post-menopausal women, in particular, this risk group is increasing, as hormonal changes and strong weight fluctuations become common, history of polycystic ovarian disease, diabetes are other contributing factors that lead to the development of ovarian cancer, "said Dr. Amish Chaudhary, senior consultant – gynecology, oncology and robotics, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket.
"The 63-year-old patient had reached menopause for a decade before she had an episode of vaginal bleeding, she has been a survivor of breast cancer for 12 years and the news of another malignancy came as a shock to her family. At the time of surgery and in such cases, anesthesia delivery is a serious challenge. A team of physicians performed a robotic radical hysterectomy and sentinel lymph node biopsy, and now the patient is in a comfortable recovery every three months, "said Dr. Kanika. Batra Modi, assistant consultant – gynecology-oncology, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Saket.
Endometrial cancer is now the fourth most common malignancy (cancer) in women. Obesity has become one of the major causes of endometrial cancer, creating a two to fivefold risk. With harmful lifestyle habits that led to a higher incidence of obesity in the country, there is a proportional increase in the incidence of breast cancer and endometrial cancer. Especially in the case of postmenopausal women, this risk group increases, as hormonal changes and severe weight fluctuations become common when someone takes unhindered oestrogens, a history of polycystic ovarian disease, diabetes are other factors that lead to the development of ovarian cancer.