India witnessed an increase in cases of dementia – The Shillong Times

With a number of inWith the number of dementing individuals living worldwide with dementia due to the aging of the population, a Lancet study revealed on Wednesday that India saw significant growth in the number of Alzheimer's and other cases of dementia between 1990 and 2016. According to the report Published in Lancet Neurology journal, India witnessed nearly 2.9 million cases of Alzheimer's disease and other cases of dementia in the 26-year period and nearly 1.4 lakh deaths as a result of the problem. The results showed that the number of people suffering from Alzheimer's and other dementias increased from 20.2 million in 1990 to 43.8 million worldwide in 2016. Of these, 27 million were women and 16.8 million men. To reach this conclusion, an international group of collaborating scientists, including HSE Professor Vasily Vlasov, analyzed data from 195 countries on the spread of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias between 1990 and 2016. The results showed that the number of deaths from dementia with 148 percent over the same period of 26 years. Dementia is now the fifth most common cause of death worldwide and the second most common – after coronary artery disease – in people aged 70 or older, the report said. Vlasov noted that according to the data, more than 1 million Russians – most over 50 – suffered from dementia in 2016. Researchers have established a link between high BMI, smoking (including all smoked tobacco products) and a diet with many sugar-containing drinks as risk factors for dementia. Although the differences in coding for causes of death and heterogeneity in case studies are a major challenge for estimating the burden of dementia, future analyzes should improve the methods for correcting these biases, according to the study. "Until breakthroughs are made in prevention or curative treatment, dementia will pose an increasing challenge to healthcare globally," it added. There are increasing indications of risk factors for dementia, which show that lifestyle and other interventions, if implemented effectively, can contribute to delaying the onset and reducing the future number of people with dementia. (IANS)

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