Suara.com – The Hayabusa 2 mission with the Ryugu asteroid monsters will arrive on Earth in less than 10 days, to be precise on December 6, 2020. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) will land the capsule containing the asteroid monsters in the vast desert in Australia.
Australia has given official permission for land samples since August 2020. Hayabusa 2 will deliver at least 100 milligrams of material collected from the surface of the asteroid Ryugu.
The spacecraft will drop the capsule containing the monster to Earth, while the spacecraft itself continues its mission to visit another asteroid.
The capsule collection team arrived at the Woomera base of the Royal Australian Air Force last week and work is underway to collect capsules and test the technology that will be used to track the capsules that have landed.
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If Hayabusa 2 actually collected 100 milligrams of the material, scientists hope to conduct detailed tests of the samples, because Ryugu is a primitive carbon-like asteroid.
The asteroid is believed to contain some of the purest materials in the solar system and has remained relatively unchanged since its formation about 4.5 billion years ago.
Scientists hope to use these samples to provide some insight into the early days of the solar system and the formation and evolution of inner rocky planets.
The capsules are expected to land between 3:30 AM and 4:30 AM ACDT. A special heat shield protects the capsule from temperatures around 3,000 degrees Celsius when it enters the Earth’s atmosphere.
After deploying the parachute, the capsule is expected to land within 100 square kilometers of the Woomera Protected Area and send radio signals to the team. Once the beacon lands, this signal is not detected from the ground station, so helicopters are needed to track the capsule.
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Once found, the capsule will later be transported by helicopter to the Quick Look Facility. There, all the gas in the capsule is sampled before it is placed in a closed shipping box and shipped back to Japan.