Nati Shohat / Flash 90
A comprehensive study of the Arab population of Israel showed that the birth rate has started to rise again and a steady decline of 16 years is returning.
According to Statistics Netherlands' survey, the total fertility rate of Muslim women rose to 3.3 after a long-term decline in the birth rate, from 4.74 in 2000 to 3.29 in 2016.
Moreover, the Muslim population was estimated at 1,562 million, close to 18% of the total population of Israel. Israel also saw an increase of 38,000 residents from the end of 2016.
The annual growth of the Muslim population in 2017 was 2.5%, which is identical to the past three years. The annual growth rate of the Muslim population in the past two decades has fallen from 3.8% to 2.5%.
The Israeli Arab sector, however, has the highest annual growth rate in Israel, causing the growth rate of 1.7% and the annual growth rate of 2.2% not to fall.
About half of the Muslim population is concentrated in the north of the country, with 35.6% in the north and another 13.8% calling the district of Haifa home. Another 21.8% live in the Jerusalem district. The rest live in central Israel (11.0%) and in the southern region (16.6%). Only 1.1% live in the Tel Aviv area.
At 329,000 Jerusalem has the largest concentration of Muslim residents, with the capital that holds 21% of all Israeli Muslims. The second largest Muslim community is the Bedouin city of Rahat, with 66,600 Muslims, who make up 99.8 percent of the population of the city. Other cities with a large concentration of Muslims are Nazareth and Umm al-Fahm with 54,300 and 54,200.