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CHETOGENIC DIET – The Keto diet is mentioned in English. The ketogenic diet is a diet based on the reduction of carbohydrates, which then leads to the production by the body of glucose that is necessary for the survival and consumption of fat in adipose tissue.
Ketones or ketone bodies, present in the blood, promote weight loss.
There is no model of this diet, but it is more of a schema that follows certain characteristics: first, it is a low-calorie diet, low in carbohydrates and many proteins.
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One of the most recommended foods, meat, fish, eggs, cheeses, vegetables. Instead, cereals, potatoes, legumes and alcoholic beverages must be avoided.
In addition to weight loss, the ketogenic diet is recommended as food therapy to treat hyperglycemia or hypertriglyceridaemia, or for the reduction of symptoms related to epilepsy from childhood (but only under medical supervision).
Never start with ketogenic diets proposed by the personal trainer or do-it-yourself for generic weight loss, but only for certain diseases.
When in ketosis, the body, and in particular the brain, use ketone bodies as a source of energy.
This is a very popular diet today, but there are several false myths that need to be debunked.
First of all, it is not true that you can consume saturated fats without distinction, even if the reduction of the carbohydrates that this diet offers is compensated by its own fat sources, which should represent 75% of this diet.
Many experts also warn of possible complications due to the ketogenic diet, such as kidney stones, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, reduced bone mineral density, gastrointestinal disorders and an increased risk of cholesterol and heart disease.
Alcohol, for those who follow this diet, is not necessarily forbidden, but you must be careful when you drink.
Other myths to be rejected are the obligation to speed up or stop physical activities.