Low fertility, short-term solution
Adapted policy regarding women and the elderly
The fertility rate has fallen sharply and the number of people that can produce has started to decline. On the afternoon of the 27th, a maternity and newborn baby car in Seongbuk-gu, Seoul is empty. Kim, Myung Jin reporter [email protected]
The fact that the rapid decline in the number of people taking part in economic activities and the rapid growth of the older population can occur at the same time is also confirmed by the Population and Housing Census of 2017 of the National Statistical Office. It is pointed out that the changes in the demographic structure with which Korean society has to deal with are difficult to change in a short time, and it is time to take measures to prescribe population reductions in every area of society.
On 27 October, Woo Hae-bong, a researcher from the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs, said in a telephone conversation with: "We must accept the reality of population decline, away from the social system designed for population growth In the past, because of the low fertility rate, which has persisted for more than 30 years since the beginning of the 1980s, and the resulting changes in age structure, the Korean population is likely to decline temporarily, regardless of the fertility rate.
According to a report from the Korea Institute for National Unification (KCNA), "The demographic factors and future implications of demographic changes in future population fluctuations" announced by the Woori Research Institute on October 13, the total population of 5101,500 people in 2015 and 2581,500 people. (49.4 percent) for the population in 2015. He predicts that even if the total fertility rate rises steadily to 2045 and reaches 2.1 people that can replace the population, the population of 2115 in 2015 72% (36.73 million people ) will reach. The National Bureau of Statistics (NSO) recently announced a total birth rate of 0.97 in the second quarter of this year. The total birth rate is the average number of births expected from a woman during the period of fertility (15 to 49 years).
The decline in the production population in Korean society is more difficult because it is related to another difficulty of rapid increase in the elderly population. This is because policy considerations for women and the elderly need to be done together. Jang In-Sung, a researcher at the Korea Labor Institute, said: "If you want to reduce the low birth rate to the maximum, you must strongly promote policy, such as shortening working hours, so that the couple deserves a child." There is also a need for reinforcement. "
Similarly, the government has repeatedly stressed the expression & # 39; paradigm shift & # 39; by offering low fertility measures on 5 July. Instead of proposing an unrealistic birth rate goal, the government will focus on policy making to improve the quality of life. Important government measures at this time include granting subsidies to deceased married couples, offering special labor, such as insurance planners, and providing maternity leave for people working less than 15 hours a week (500,000 won per month for three months). In addition, the government intends to revise the basic plan for the third society with low fertility and aging, which has been implemented since 2016 (~ 2020), and to release the results as early as October.
Choi Sung-jin Hwang Yul-ri reporter [email protected]