Children's Clinical University Hospital (BKUS) endocrinologists admit that type 1 diabetes in children is diagnosed late in Latvia. This is due to a lack of information for parents and the general public. 88.4 percent of the children with the disease are already in a serious condition in the children's hospital, or diabetic ketoacidosis, informs Vytautas Šteina, a representative of BKUS.
"Every year, in diabetic diabetes type 1 is diagnosed in 75 to 85 children.If the symptoms of the disease were recognized at an early stage, the treatment of children would be much easier, less psychologically traumatic and so often not lead to resuscitation. ", says Dr. Iveta Līte – Krīsāne, adding that in more developed countries diabetic ketoacidosis was found in children in 50 to 55 percent of cases.
Early symptoms of type 1 diabetes can be seen in cases of acute viral disease in a child. "The child feels more tired and wants to sleep more often, thirst more often and go to the toilet more often and lose weight." Parents often say that they have followed up these symptoms of the effects of the virus and paid insufficient attention to them. it should be taken into account to diagnose type 1 diabetes in time and to help the child in time, but signs of diabetes can also develop on a healthy background Parents should be very careful to protect the child from serious health problems, "explains Livita-Krišāne out.
If the symptoms are not recognized early, the disease goes into diabetic ketoacidosis, which is expressed as vomiting, abdominal pain, rapid and deep breathing, rapid heartbeat, severe weakness, abnormal consciousness and coma. If any of these symptoms are observed, call emergency medical services immediately.
Type 1 diabetes is not caused by diabetes, overweight or inactive lifestyle. This can not be prevented and it is not yet possible to completely cure it. Treatment of the disease is based on the replacement of insulin with routine subcutaneous injections or with an insulin pump. The cause of Type 1 diabetes mellitus is the specific (autoimmune) immunity disorder that is promoted by genetic predisposition (diabetes in the family), unfavorable environmental conditions, some viral diseases can contribute to the development of diabetes mellitus in children with a genetic predisposition.
In Latvia, Type 1 diabetes generally affects around 700 children under 18, as well as about 95,000 adults. Of these, about 650 children under the age of 18 have type 1 diabetes mellitus.
With the clarification of Yelizaveta Sokolovskaya, a doctor at Pauls Stradiņš Clinical University Hospital, you can discover which diseases are a risk for diabetes patients and what you need to do to prevent them. But this article tells you how to deal with a parent with a child diagnosed with diabetes.