According to the Ministry of Health (MoW), although some vegetarian dishes for the diversification of the menu may be presented in the complex menu, a vegetarian-compiled menu at education and medical institutions, long-term social care and institutions for social rehabilitation should not be given . At the same time, the authorities are no longer obliged to provide a vegetarian menu every day, but this will be possible in mutual consultation and upon receipt of a written request.
As documented in the ministry, Latvian nutritionists and nutritionists point out that a well-thought-out, balanced and full-fledged vegetarian menu that excludes meat and fish, a baby and adult can provide the necessary protein, vitamins and minerals. For this reason, the changes determine that the authorities consider the possibility of offering a vegetarian menu when there is a demand, as well as the possibility to prepare such a menu and prepare the right dishes.
In turn, institutions with children can offer a vegetarian menu if a written request from the legal representative of the child is submitted. The vegetarian menu for children must be linked to a diet specialist or nutritionist to ensure that it meets the basic principles of healthy eating and adapted dietary standards, according to the ministry.
In January, the disease prevention and control center carried out an electronic survey of educational institutions where the majority, or 71.9% of the general institutions for primary and secondary education, indicated that vegetarian food was not relevant in educational institutions, but 13.7% of the educational institutions indicated that the students were interested in vegetarian but in 12.6% of the cases parents are interested in offering a vegetarian diet.
A vegetarian menu in the sense of the draft amendment is a menu that excludes meat and fish and their products.
The revised general energy values and nutritional standards developed by the LS, the number of individual foods, such as fruit and vegetables, have been updated in the weekly menu. The changes also provide for changes in certain dietary reference values, including age groups in pre-school education institutions, general educational institutions, long-term social care and rehabilitation institutions, taking into account the organization of the institution's work and the physiological needs of children according to age.
According to the Ministry of Education and Science, taking into account the services of educational and medical institutions, long-term social care and institutions for social rehabilitation and the usual daytime regime, children and adults usually have low to moderate physical activity. And for this reason, the energy values for children and adults of all ages are determined according to different recommendations and the Nordic Nutrition recommendations for 2012 for doses corresponding to low to moderate exercise.
At the same time, as before, energy values were determined based on the type and duration of service provided by the institution, for example, educational institutions implementing the pre-school education programs up to 12 hours per day are set at 75% of the daily food lease, since these settings Breakfast, lunch and dinner are served. Generally speaking, general basic and general secondary education institutions, in vocational education institutions, energy values for lunch are set at 35% of the daily minimum subsistence level.
In addition, the draft regulation provides for changes specifying and supplementing the requirements for the provision of catering services in education and medical institutions, long-term social care and social rehabilitation institutions. For example, in the lunch menu it can not only contain main courses and soups or main courses and desserts, but also soups and desserts.
The draft regulation also stipulates that persons with the diagnosis of a doctor who needs dietary adjustment should be given a menu that meets all the prescribed dietary requirements and clarify the responsibility for meeting the requirements of the prescriptions – this is the responsibility of the head of the institution.
New requirements in the requirements on nutritional requirements for students of educational institutions, clients of social care and institutions for social rehabilitation and patients of medical institutions will come into effect on 1 September.