The Ministry of Defense is insisting on the construction of bunkers in public places

In the introduction to the draft report, AM states that Latvia's threat is so complex that state defense by military means is no longer sufficient because it does not cover all "hybrid hazards". The protection of the Latvian state must be comprehensive and must be based on the willingness of all public and government institutions to overcome the crisis, resist the external influence, and the ability to resist and recover from crises. To this end, the national defense system must be adapted so that it is based on mutual trust and partnership between citizens and public authorities.

An extensive national defense system in the Latvian context is the responsible attitude of the entire population of Latvia to the state and its security. In the first phase of its implementation, attention should be focused on the following areas: development of military capabilities and improvement of defense strategies, promotion of cooperation between the private and public sectors in the field of defense, provision of freedom on the Latvian schools and public education, civil protection, psychological protection, strategic communication and sustainability of the economy.

In implementing the comprehensive national defense system, AM also set deadlines, namely to improve short-term military capabilities from 2019 to 2021, in order to promote cooperation between the private and public sectors in the field of defense, for example by to develop production. Schools also need to introduce national defense education and citizens must be trained to fulfill civilian protection functions in times of crisis. AM also encourages the development of psychological protection, namely promoting critical thinking of the population and promoting the resilience of the population against the deliberate external influence on the information and the public environment.

In the short term, AM encourages the development of unified state communications to strengthen confidence in the state's objective of existence, direction of development and foreign policy choices. Experts also stimulate the creation of economic resilience in crises, for example, the stockpiling of national raw material stocks and measures to mitigate the effects of economic crises.

Medium term of 2021-2024. AM encourages the continuation of the aforementioned short-term assignments and the establishment of a decision-making mechanism at local and national level involving officials, individuals, representatives of local authorities, business people, experts and others to coordinate the preparedness of a comprehensive national defense system to respond to possible crises or shocks.

During this activity, decisions on training, testing of different systems, testing of preparedness and other measures that could in future become the security challenges of Latvia or certain regions would be adopted.

In the long term, after 2024, AM believes that the above tasks should be continued and that the "Partnership Institute" should be established with Latvian businessmen, NGOs and other government agencies. Such a Partnership Institute unites the representatives of government agencies, the national armed forces (NAF) and the private sector in the need to provide services and to collaborate on the planning and provision of national defense functions.

In order to clarify the above tasks, AM mentioned a number of processes that the Ministry repeatedly repeatedly publicly discussed, for example about the development of the army's capabilities in the development of special units, air defense and armament mechanization.

Military defense of Latvia is based in particular on the psychological willingness to resist the occupying forces. It provides for the involvement of all governments and the public, so that every inhabitant of Latvia knows his place and role in the resistance movement. Use of resistance methods NAF is one of the ways to protect the state because of the risk of loss of control over part or all of Latvia in the event of a crisis or military conflict. The timely construction of infrastructure, with dual use during a crisis or conflict, is responsible for planning, designing and defending national defense and resistance models.

The Latvian public must feel the presence of the defense industry and the NAF, not only in public space and in public events, but also in formal relations between the NAF and other government institutions, the private sector, NGOs and other parties involved, according to the draft report.

Governing bodies must offer models for self-organization of society based on volunteering and willingness to participate in crisis and war management activities at national and local government level.

AM believes that defense training should be organized on an arbitrary basis every year for representatives of different groups in society – public opinion leaders, civil servants, journalists, representatives of local authorities, representatives of NGOs and others -. Such a course in a few weeks would make the public aware of the processes of the national defense industry and focus on issues such as crisis management, communication, security issues, cybersecurity, human security and other issues.

AM encourages awareness that government agencies do not have the exclusive right to protect the entire population of the country during the first hours or even days of the crisis or war. This means that the people of the country are responsible for themselves, for their family and relatives during the first crisis or war. It is the responsibility of the state to offer specific patterns of self-organization to the public so that citizens know and can act in accordance with their beliefs, but the main task of the population is to be able to organize themselves and certain stages of the crisis or war. to win.

Given the practice of other countries and the nature of military conflicts, consideration should be given to building public bunkers in public places or in new buildings in order to enable residents to locate and reach safe places in time. Account must also be taken of the possibility and necessity of other actions which allow timely adaptation of the public infrastructure to overcome the crisis.

No less important is the voluntary desire to participate in national defense through civil protection measures and certain functions. AM believes that it should be considered that volunteers can take part in, for example, the state fire and rescue service as a volunteer firefighter.

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