According to the National Cancer Institute, about 18,000 people are diagnosed in our country each year. new oncological diseases, almost 20% The death of the Lithuanian population is due to cancer deaths.
According to scientists, about 80% cancer is determined by the way of life and the environment. In particular, the risk of cancer is increased by smoking (even passive), alcohol abuse, long-term stress, negative emotions (anger, jealousy, pessimism, etc.) while they weaken the immune system.
Increases the risk
The National Cancer Institute warns: Alcohol use is associated with an increased risk of at least 7 types of cancers: oral, esophagus, pharynx, larynx, liver, ovary (colon and right), breast. The use of an amount of alcohol increases the risk of cancer – the more you use it, the greater the risk.
Moreover, alcohol use also influences the development of various other diseases. It can be a cause of liver cirrhosis or pancreatitis, can lead to stroke, heart failure, mental and behavioral disorders including depression, aggression, memory loss, mental illness, alcoholic liver disease and leukemia in children who have had pregnancies in the mother.
Serga and young people
Talking about the risk of oncological diseases, the vice-president of the Society for Supporting Oncological Patients (POLA), Gediminas Žižys, also stressed that research is based on the fact that it is increased by harmful habits such as smoking, alcohol consumption or others .
"Although we often hear in the public domain about the link between smoking and lung cancer, the fact that the body's harmful way of life also affects many other oncological diseases," said the interlocutor.
Interestingly, although cancer is still considered a disease of the elderly, a tendency has been observed for some time, when oncological diseases are diagnosed at a younger age. It is believed that this is influenced by the modern diet, more precisely that today we receive a full amount of over-the-counter materials, such as different flavor enhancers, flavorings, colorings and the like.
"So, to reduce this risk, food labels and the most natural food must be carefully read and we must also abide by the principles of a full and balanced diet," said the vice president of the association.
It is important to determine the time
According to the experts, cancer is a malignant disease that often has no symptoms until it is so advanced that it disrupts the functions of other organs. On the other hand, modern science and diagnostic and treatment methods are very advanced.
"Today we already have the ability not only to detect cancer at an early stage, but also advanced therapies that allow complete curing of some cancers, and in some cases to prevent them while being aware of certain changes in the time, "said G. Žižys.
Preventive programs are being implemented
The State Patient Fund (VLK) reports that currently four cancer prevention programs are running in Lithuania – people can be tested for free compulsory health insurance and meet the target date. The cervical cancer prevention program is open every three years for women aged 25-60 years. Once every two years, women aged 50-70 can check for breast cancer for free. Men aged 50-70 years can periodically participate in a program for the prevention of prostate cancer, including men aged 45 and over if their parents or brothers have had prostate cancer. In addition, men and women between the ages of 50 and 75 can check for colon cancer every two years.
For more information about preventive programs, please contact your doctor, who will give you a thorough introduction to the programs and perform the necessary research. According to VLK, 119 thousand were tested last year according to the cervical cancer prevention program, 106 thousand in breast cancer, 96 thousand in prostate cancer, 230 thousand in colorectal cancer. people. For the treatment of cervix, breast, prostate and colon in the hospital, the health insurance fund paid more than 8.6 million. The compulsory health insurance fund. Almost 70 million were paid for compensated anti-tumor drugs. euro.
Advice to seek help
When someone is diagnosed with cancer, he tends to close himself, share his experiences and fears with others. Specialists note that this does not help to heal, but only aggravates the psychological state of the patient, leading to depression and disappointment. At this moment, psychological help and support from the country, communication between patients in psychological self-help groups is very important. Psychologists often need help not only with the sick person, but also with his family. There are cases where family members are attacked by panic, causing even more stress.
POLA currently consists of twenty-six non-governmental organizations active in the field of oncology patients, including natural persons. This association offers assistance to the sick and their relatives, engages in educational activities, organizes various seminars, conferences, events, etc.
POLA invites people to live in communities with similar destiny and at the same time to overcome an oncological disease. Advice and advice to patients and their family members is offered by the Cancer Information Center of the National Cancer Institute and Cancer Information Center, which is working at the National Cancer Institute Cancer Center, free help is also available at the Cancer Information and Support Center "Tėviškės namai "in Alytus, and professional psychological help provided by Onkopsychology and in the center of communication, spiritual help – in the Church of St. Franciscan Oncology Center.
Doctors say about 40 percent. cancers can be avoided if:
– do not smoke;
– limit alcohol consumption;
– There is more time for walks and exercise;
– we eat well;
– protection of our ultraviolet rays;
– Protection of carcinogenic infections.