The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts that the number of patients with dementia will triple increase over the next three decades. Therefore, guidelines for avoiding this disease were first published.
The number of people with dementia in 2050 is now 50 million. it is likely to increase to 152 million, a report that the WHO presented in Geneva.
It is therefore necessary to "make every effort to reduce the risk of our dementia," warned WHO leader Tedros Adhanomas Ghebreyesus. According to him, research confirms "that what is good for our heart is good for our brain". These preventive measures include healthy eating, regular traffic, tobacco abandonment and excessive alcohol consumption.
Brain exercises can also help prevent dementia. In addition, there are signs that the risk of dementia is increased due to the lack of social contacts for the elderly. However, according to the WHO, there is insufficient scientific evidence to conclude that more social contacts reduce the risk of dementia.
But other factors, such as age and family history, cannot be influenced by the WHO report. At the same time, the authors emphasize that age is the strongest known risk factor for dementia, but dementia is not a natural or inevitable consequence of age.
Dementia or acquired dementia is a syndrome caused by brain disease, usually chronic and progressive, that affects many of the functions of the higher bark: memory, thinking, orientation, perception, computer skills, language, reasoning. Currently 5-8 percent people over 60 years of age have Alzheimer's or other forms of dementia.
Dementia is not only a major burden for patients and their loved ones, but also for the economy. The WHO predicts that the cost of care for dementia patients will rise from $ 818 billion. dollars in 2015 to 2 trillion dollars. dollars in 2030. The largest increase in dementia is expected by the WHO in low-income and middle-income countries.