the & # 39; father & # 39; of the superheroes of flesh and blood

"Racism and fanaticism are among the deadliest diseases that afflict the world today, but unlike a team of characterized supervillains, they can not be stopped by a slap in the nose or by a lightning strike.The only way to destroy them is by expose them. & # 39;

It seems that Stan Lee wrote these words yesterday. But he did half a century ago. The creator of the first superhero so threw in his column, Stan & # 39; s Soapbox – That appeared in the monthly bulletins of Marvel Comics– an urgent appeal to its readers of all ages to put an end to the year of unrest in which the murder was committed Martin Luther King Jr. and a Robert Kennedy That clambered 68 in which the Civil Rights Act came into force in the United States.

Last year, after the demonstration of white nationalists in Charlottesville, Virginia, the man who "villains" a Donald Trump, then 94 years old, he took those lines out of the trunk and was resurrected his Twitter account. "This is just as true as it was in 1968," he wrote as an introduction to the column stating: "It is totally irrational and sick to condemn a whole race – to make a whole nation worthless – to label an entire religion as a villain. "

A few years before he published that message for the first time, the father of The Fantastic Four and the Spider man He gave the world a vision, the heroic figure of an African warrior: Black Panther, that was the rise of the Black Panther party – founded in October of the same year 1966-. The character, also made with Jack Kirband, it appeared for the first time in a chapter of The Fantastic Four before you have your own cartoon.

"I'm sorry I did not have black characters", said the former president of Marvel. The New York Times in an interview that was published last April. "I was trying to make an Asian superhero, I wanted to make a South American superhero, and from that moment on I thought it was ridiculous that there was no black superhero."

Stan Lee (Manhattan, 1922) left the men's world yesterday. A land of agones of which the imaginary is populated with characters of their own epic, a legion of superheroes -A villains are always losers- who fled in 1961, then with the cartoonist Jack Kirby he created The Fantastic Four – And his evil Doctor Doom-, and a year later, the Spider man, next Steve Ditko

Lee's is a pantheon marked by the congruence of his own story: son of Romanian-Jewish immigrants, he knew something about the banality of evil, of extraterrestrial beings, of adjusting the disguise to find its way into an America that demanded it – like so many others – cut the roots to fit. The last time he publicly signed as Stan Lieber in 1940, he was appointed editor-in-chief of a sensational New York magazine, Timely Comics, which later became Marvel. He then said that he would use his real name again if he was successful.

"Stan Lee He was a man of his time. And what he did with his comics was precisely to reflect the political and social problems of the second half of the 20th century: the Cold War, the ideologies. His stage of racial integration was important, especially when he created Black Panther He was never a man who wanted to be a party, "he says in an interview Luis Gantus, draftsman and organizer of the CONQUE convention, which brought Lee to Mexico as a guest.

BEF, author of graphic novels, sees Lee as a moderate and politically correct liberal. "But above all, the positions of his comics from the 1960s and 1970s were sometimes conservative, but it must be acknowledged that his degree of openness was important, not only because of his sympathy with the civil rights movement of the black community, but also with the creation of, for example DaredeviI, a superhero with a visual limitation. & # 39;

The diversity of X-Men, excluded from society because of its status as mutants, has been interpreted as an allegory of the movement of Civil rights That also supported, from the writing of El Clarín, the angry editor J. Jonah Jameson.

Like them, the Iron Man, Hulk, Thor, Doctor Strange and Black Panther, share a characteristic of Lee's vision: humanity. They are heroes at the same time as ordinary people, warns BEF: "They had the same daily problems as the readers Spider man he fought the villains, yes, but he also had to settle for finishing the two weeks or paying for his aunt's medicine. Stan Lee He brought the superheroes to New York, where he lived, and with that he created a universe that is closer to the real world. & # 39;

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