Shortly after the completion of independenceMexico would take a monarchal government under the leadership of Agustín de Iturbide. Because the economy was in a terrible state, the emperor applied different strategies to solve the situation, including the issue of the first Mexican banknote on 20 December 1822.
From that date to today, in which the Bank of Mexico (Banxico) he announced it new bill of 500 pesos with the image of Benito Juárez, which from now on will circulate in our country, Mexican paper money It has changed in terms of design, composition and value.
The children and young people of today know the tickets that their parents and grandparents used when they were small, but not. From the 5 pesos account with the statue of Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez to the 100 pesos of Venustiano Carranza, there have been accounts that remained in the memory of the Mexicans, especially for the time they were in circulation.
1) 1, 2 and 10 pesos
These cards are the first official Mexican issue and are printed on one side, almost square on white paper and bear the legend of the MEXICAN RICH. They were issued in denominations of 1, 2 and 10 pesos.
2) Ticket of 100 pesos. Francisco I. Madero
The first banknotes of the Bank of Mexico were printed by the American Bank Note Company from New York (ABCN). His first series was in 1925 and consisted of notes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 pesos. Historical figures appear in the second series, such as the 100 pesorota with the statue of Francisco I. Madero.
3) 1 pie card. Aztec calendar
In the second number, the 1 peso invoice also appears for the first time. It is the only one of this name that the Bank of Mexico has issued throughout its history. In the middle stood the Piedra del Sol or Aztecs calendar and on the back the Column of Independence. It stopped circulating in 1970.
4) Ticket of 5 pesos. Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez
In 1969 the Bank of Mexico Banknote Factory started its activities. This is how a new generation of Mexican banknotes came about. On the 5 pesobiljet the image of the Corregidora, Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez. The reverse shows the city of Querétaro with magueyes and the aqueduct. It was put into circulation in 1971.
5) 100 pesos. Venustiano Carranza
Another ticket made by the Banco de México Banknote Factory was 100 pesos. On the front was the portrait of Venustiano Carranza and a fragment of the mural The trench by José Clemente Orozco. On the back, in the middle a Chac Mool with coyotes and cougars from a frieze by Tula, Hidalgo. It stopped circulating in 1992.
6) 20 pesos. Morelos
Another of the tickets that had been in circulation for many years was that of 20 pesos, in which it resembles the bust of Jose Maria Morelos and the façade of the School of San Nicolás de Valladolid, today's Morelia. On the back is the statue of the temple of Quetzalcoatl in Teotihuacán.
It was put into circulation in 1973.
7) 50,000 pesos. Cuauhtemoc
These notes were put into circulation in the eighties. It seems strange that accounts of such high denominations appear, but Mexico was at that time confronted with various inflationary processes. The usual purchases were made in thousands of pesos, even in hundreds of thousands of pesos.
As a result of the accelerated price increase, the cards with the highest denominations became increasingly used by the population. That is the case with the 50,000 peso bill, which is the bust of Cuauhtémoc on the front and the engraving of the mural on the back. The fusion of two cultures by Jorge González Camarena. It was put into circulation in 1986.
8) 10 new pesos. Lázaro Cárdenas
On 18 June 1992, it was established that from 1993 onwards a new unit would be used. This became & # 39; New pesos & # 39; s & # 39; and the issuing of tickets was in the denominations of 10, 20, 50 and 100 in which the adjective & # 39; New & # 39; before the name of the unit. That is the case with the 10 pesorota (10 thousand "old" pesos), where General Lázaro Cárdenas was in charge and in the background the engraving of Coyolxauhqui, and in the background a picture of the Templo mayor.
9) 10 pesos. Emiliano Zapata
After the Mexicans had adapted to the new monetary regime, a new series of accounts was issued in which the adjective & # 39; Nuevo & # 39; was eliminated and the peso was returned. In the case of the 10 pesorekening, the person who replaced Emiliano Zapata's statue of Lázaro Cárdenas in 1994 was illustrated by the influence and importance of illustrating one of the tickets that the Mexicans remembered the most.
10) 500 pesos. Ignacio Zaragoza
In 1994 a new issue of banknotes was put into circulation. This series contains new security elements, in addition to the existing ones. The 500 pesorota appeared with the statue of Ignacio Zaragoza, the hero of the Battle of Puebla, which was in circulation until 2010, a year in which he was replaced by the muralist Diego Rivera.