EU, the stone in the shoes of AMLO's anti-drug policy

Rafael Cronte Mexican, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, in the heterodox strategy that plans to implement violence and drug trafficking, is the government led by President Donald Trump in the United States.

Not only because the American president sees the fight against drugs as a war that has one of the most important scenarios at the border with Mexico, but because several key officials in the field of security and justice are at odds with the anti-drug policy of López Obrador.

The future Mexican president is in favor of tackling the problem with a preventive, public health approach and elements of restorative justice.

This should be a truce for Trump and his "hawks", who insist on maintaining the failed drug strategy that President Richard Nixon launched more than half a century ago – and which emphasizes repression – and whose results are disappointing are: it has not been possible to reduce neither the consumption nor the production of drugs.

On the contrary. The United States remains the world's largest consumer of narcotics, not only traditional drugs such as marijuana, cocaine and heroin, but also a wide range of designer medicines that can be made at home, and chemical products such as oxycodone, a synthetic opiate. mainly produced in China.

Contrary to the flexibility shown by President Barack Obama to at least at the hemispherical level discuss the desirability of maintaining repressive and prohibitionist anti-drug policies that have exacerbated the problem of consumption and kill several thousand in Mexico, Colombia and Central America. America has caused, Trump suggests a stronger hand to tackle the problem.

Last March he even proposed to apply the death penalty to drug traffickers and be assured of every epic: "I will win this battle". But the war against drugs has already demonstrated the failure.

In Mexico, Felipe Calderón, the president who declared war on drug trafficking, lost it irrefutably. During his presidency (2006-2012), the killings rose 102 percent against his predecessor, Vicente Fox, and the drug cartels achieved unprecedented territorial control.

And after Calderón lost the war and left a country with 121,613 dead and 24,956 missing -according to the National Data Registration of Missing and Lost Persons (RNPED) – Enrique Peña Nieto maintained the same strategy.

As a result, there have been 257,556 murders in the last two sexes, averaging once every 25 minutes, according to Inegi figures and the national public security system.

The phenomenon that the last two presidents of Mexico tried to fight with a heavy hand and with troops of the army and the navy on the streets, deteriorated and placed the phenomenon of violence as one of the greatest care for Mexicans.

This strategy had the full support of the United States and its security agencies, which have played an unprecedented role in Mexico, although not always transparent in the light of public opinion.

Now that López Obrador proposes to try different drug policy measures and encourages a national debate to look for ways that reduce violence, Washington was skeptical, cautious and reluctant to support the new strategy.

The next secretary of the interior, Olga Sanchez Cordero, has said that it is necessary to consider an amnesty law for farmers who focus on illegal crops, to reduce fines for drug traffickers who submit to justice , extensive compensation for victims and decriminalization of drugs such as marijuana and poppy.

Last July, the White House spokeswoman, Sarah Huckabee Sanders, said the Trump government would not support "the legalization of all drugs nowhere" or anything "that could use more drugs to enter our country."

Last year, 63,600 people died of drug overdose in the United States, of which 66 percent were consumed by the consumption of opiates not only from Mexico, Colombia and Asia, but also in pharmacies in that country.

Last year, US pharmacies distributed 11.2 billion pills with opioids used to treat pain, but to which millions of Americans are addicted.

A study by Jama Psychiatry showed that 75 percent of heroin addicts in the United States started with these opioid analgesics.

The answer from the Trump administration was heavier. Attorney General Jeff Sessions has asked prosecutors to seek the death penalty for people who are involved in drug trafficking "if necessary", which is rejected by proponents of human rights and civil liberties.

Trump has praised the anti-drug strategy of Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, who, according to reports from humanitarian organizations, has personally murdered drug traffickers.

And one of the reasons the President of the United States exposes to justifying the construction of the wall at the border with Mexico is that it will "stop" the flow of drugs to that country.

It is clear that the alternative security policy that López Obrador is trying to implement is emerging as an element of tension in Mexican and American relations.

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