As part of the national and international mobilization campaign for the eradication of violence against women, the High Commission for Planning (HCP) has released the results on the social and economic costs of violence against women and girls, taken from the National Survey on Violence against women and men from 2019. Here are the main points of this survey conducted between February and July 2019 with the support of UN-Women in Morocco:
1. Social costs of violence against women and girls:
– One in four victims of physical violence and one in 10 of sexual violence suffered injuries and / or psychological problems.
– Loss of 14 working days per year in case of domestic violence and 8 days in case of violence in public space due to physical violence.
– Disruption of the life rhythm of victims and their families as a result of domestic violence.
– 16% of the victims leave their marital home after the most serious incident of physical violence and 3.5% after sexual violence. These victims mainly use parents or close relatives for shelter (94% in the case of physical violence and 80% in the case of sexual violence).
– Of the victims who had health problems as a result of the most serious incident of physical violence in the last 12 months, 48% used at least one health care provider (doctor, paramedical personnel, etc.). They use it 40% after sexual assault.
– The percentage of female victims of violence in public places who have had health problems and have sought medical services is in the order of 60% in cases of physical violence and 20% in cases of sexual violence.
– In addition to expenses related to health problems, 7% of female victims of physical violence and 2% of sexual violence in a marriage have filed a complaint or started legal proceedings over the most serious incident of these two types of violence.
– About 16% of female victims of domestic violence stated that their children between the ages of 5 and less than 18 years old have health problems, mainly of a psychological and behavioral nature. By type of problem experienced by children, 40.4% of female victims of marital violence cite isolation and grief, 32.4% chills, anxiety attacks or epilepsy, 21.5% nightmares and 22.4% bedwetting.
– In addition to health problems, children also suffer from cognitive and behavioral disorders: school regression according to 22.5% of the victims, violence and aggression according to 18.9%, school dropout according to 7%, delinquency according to 2.3% and running away according to 1% of them.
2. Economic costs of violence against women and girls:
– Of all female victims of physical and / or sexual violence during the 12 months prior to the survey, in all contexts, 22.8%, themselves or their families, had to bear the direct or indirect costs of the violence. The total cost of the violence is estimated at Dh 2.85 billion. By comparing these costs with the total number of victims, the average cost is approximately 957 Dh per victim.
– The share of urban areas in the total economic cost of violence is 72% (Dh 2.05 billion), that of rural areas is 28% (Dh 792 million). The average costs for city victims (1,000 Dh per victim) are higher than that of victims in rural areas (862 Dh per victim).
– Direct costs make up the bulk of the total economic costs with a share of 82% (Dh 2.33 billion) against only 18% for indirect costs (Dh 517 million).
– The total direct costs of violence are estimated at 2.3 billion Dh for victims of physical and / or sexual violence who incurred costs (20%) after all the most serious violent incidents during the 12 months prior to the survey. Almost 85% of the direct costs of violence (Dh 1.98 billion) are related to physical violence and 15% (Dh 353 million) to sexual violence.
Violence against women in urban areas generates Dh 1.73 billion for victims and their families, compared to Dh 601 million in rural areas. The costs for city dwellers represent almost three quarters of the total direct costs of violence against women (74.2%).
– The indirect costs borne by 8% of the victims of physical and / or sexual violence, during the 12 months prior to the survey, are estimated at Dh 517 million (Dh 326 million in urban areas and Dh 190.8 million In a rural setting). Almost 84% of the indirect costs are attributed to physical violence (Dh 434 million).
– Violence against women within the couple cost the 24% of victims who had to bear direct and / or indirect costs, Dh 1.98 billion during the 12 months preceding the survey (Dh 1.3 billion in urban areas and Dh 681 million in rural areas). These costs amount to DH 1.67 billion for physical violence and DH 308 million for sexual violence.
– The total costs associated with domestic violence, for the 24.4% of women who incurred costs as a result of the physical and / or sexual violence during the 12 months prior to the survey, is estimated at MAD 366 million. Almost all of these costs (94% or Dh 343 million) go towards physical violence. The remaining 6% (Dh 22.9 million) is attributed to sexual violence
– Of the women abused in public places, 16.2% incurred direct and indirect expenditure, estimated at Dh 448 million, during the 12 months preceding the survey, of which Dh 358.5 million was due to acts of physical violence ( 80% of the total costs) and Dh 98.2 million in sexual violence (20%).
LNT with MAP