"We no longer have to accept that our educational system functions as a machine for making legions of unemployed people, especially in some university streams where graduates, as everyone knows, have difficulty entering the labor market." This sentence, King Mohammed VI pronounced it with a certain intensity. It was on the occasion of the traditional speech on the occasion of the anniversary of the revolution of the King and the People, on 20 August. The subject is true, the heart of the king is dear.
A diagnosis of the most serious for Morocco
This is of course not the first time that Mohammed VI tackles the problem. In his dAfter the opening of Parliament, the sovereign had already emphasized the need to place youth issues at the center of the new development model. Various project proposals and reforms have been formulated, but the effects were not felt. This time something seems to have changed. The social crisis that has been dragging on since the end of the spring by boycott movements of social networks and the political crisis that has occurred through the & # 39; Hirak & # 39; is something to do with it.
Especially since a recent official report from the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (CESE) points to the "dizzying gap" that separates the 11 million young Moroccans from the rest of the population. School drop-out, unemployment, low-skilled jobs, low wages, lack of social coverage … Young people between 15 and 34, who make up one third of the population, are the biggest losers of growth. The figures are worrying: school dropout affects two out of three young Moroccans, the unemployment rate is around 20%, half of those working in low-paid jobs and 75% have no social security coverage, in a high-income country. by a favorable growth of 4% (compared to 1.2% in 2016).
The diagnosis established by the sovereign is also without appeal: "EIn fact, socioprofessional integration is not a privilege for young people. Because every citizen, regardless of the environment he or she comes from, is entitled to the same opportunities and opportunities to access quality education and a decent job. "Observe the sovereign, surprised that universities and other educational institutions have become machines to produce unemployed people. "Indeed, a young person can not be called upon to play his role and fulfill his duty without having first benefited from the necessary opportunities and qualifications, and for these young people we must offer something concrete, particularly in the areas of education, employment, health and many other areas It must be emphasized that the training offers of the kingdom are totally inadequate with the job market, overcrowded and expensive training that does not meet the expectations of young people, so the environmental mood among Moroccan youths is, just like in the rest of the world. of the Maghreb, that of emigration – a plague for the country, according to Mohammed VI, "when a large number of young people, especially among high-ranking graduates of scientific and technical departments, think of emigration, they are not only motivated by attractive incentives to live abroad. . They also consider this possibility because they lack a climate and conditions in their own country that are conducive to active life, professional promotion, innovation and scientific research. "
Allow a better connection between education and work
It is clear that education and employment must form the core of government action.
The king announced the launch before the end of the year of a meeting between the different players in the world of training and youth to find strategies for transformation of the sector together.
It is a vocational training that will benefit from a full review to meet the needs of companies and the public sector. It is therefore no coincidence that the king appointed the same day Loubna Tricha as new Director of the Vocational Training and Promotion Office (OFPPT). It is the organ that will form the core of future reforms. His mission? React with concrete training offers on the transformations experienced by the industrial and professional sectors in Morocco.
One of the other measures announced by the king is the creation of companies. Young people will need support measures to create small and medium-sized enterprises. In connection with this proposal, the king proposes to tackle a sector that escapes all control: the informal. It calls for 'new mechanisms to be set up to integrate part of the informal sector into the formal sector by ensuring that the human potential of the first sector includes appropriate and stimulating training and social security and by supporting projects for self-employment or business creation ". And finally, Mohammed VI wants to improve the learning of foreign languages against growing Arabization in scientific and technical studies.
At the same time as the King's speech was held, the restoration of mandatory military service has been approved by the Council of Government after approval by the Council of Ministers.
The recovery of compulsory military service twelve years after removal aims to improve the "integration into the professional and social life" of young people, according to the declaration of the Royal Palace. The text has to be discussed in Parliament in October. This last long-awaited royal speech is of course an extension of the directions set out in the July speech of the throne. Social and youth are now the two priority areas of the government of Saâdeddine El Othmani.