King Mohammed VI gave a speech to the nation on August 20 on the occasion of the 65th anniversary of the Revolution of the King and the People. The full text.
"Praise God, prayer and salvation of the Prophet, his family and his companions.
It is with great pride that today we commemorate the commemoration of the glorious revolution of the King and the People, with such a strong symbolic charge and profound semantism.
This revolution reflects a positive message: although it was born in a particularly difficult context, Moroccans could understand the true meaning of patriotism and helped us move on.
Here we are on the ground today in a new revolution where we will continue to meet the challenges of building a modern Morocco to give their legitimate and deserved place to Moroccans, especially to young people in whom we have always seen the real wealth of the country.
I have already emphasized in the opening speech of Parliament the need to put youth issues at the center of the new development model. I also called for the development of an integrated youth strategy that would identify ways to effectively promote their situation.
In fact, a young person can not be called upon to play his role and fulfill his duty without having previously benefited from the necessary opportunities and qualifications.
For these young people, we have to offer something concrete, especially in the areas of education, employment, health and many other areas. For this young person, we must give hope and confidence in his future.
In fact, social-professional integration is not a privilege for young people. Because every citizen, regardless of the environment he comes from, is entitled to the same opportunities and the same opportunities for access to quality education and a decent job.
That is why youth unemployment, which remains high, is a real dismay for me.
It is indeed inconceivable that one out of four young people is unemployed despite the level of economic growth that Morocco has achieved worldwide. And these numbers are more dramatic in urban areas.
Despite the efforts made in the field of economic projects and social programs, the results achieved remain under the ambition that drives us in this area.
Faced with this state of affairs and in accordance with the orientations set out in the speech of the throne, we must once again and urgently draw attention to the issue of employment for young people, particularly in relation to their drafting. to the education and training system.
Indeed, we no longer have to accept that our educational system functions as a machine for making legions of unemployed people, especially in certain university programs that, as everyone knows, graduates are struggling to enter the labor market.
This clear waste of youth potential and public funds hampers development dynamics and influences the living conditions of many Moroccans.
Paradoxically, many investors and companies find it difficult at the same time to find the skills and profiles they are looking for in certain professions and specialties.
On the other hand, when a large number of young people, particularly high-level graduates of science and technology, think of emigration, they are not only motivated by attractive incentives to live abroad. They also consider this possibility because they lack a climate and favorable conditions for active living, professional promotion, innovation and scientific research in their own country.
It is usually the same reasons that prevent a certain number of Moroccan students from returning to work in the country, at the end of their education abroad.
Faced with this situation, we plead for serious and responsible reflection on this topic, to create an attractive climate and ideal conditions that will encourage these skills to settle and work in Morocco.
Addressing this endemic problem requires better coordination between education and employment and a reduction in unemployment. That is why we urge the government and stakeholders to take as quickly as possible a series of measures that are particularly aimed at achieving the following objectives:
• Firstly, conduct a thorough review of public support mechanisms and youth employment programs to make them more effective and better respond to young people's expectations. This redesign must be carried out according to the model I have advocated in the Speech from the Throne program for social protection.
With this in mind, we decided to hold a national meeting on employment and training before the end of the year. Its objectives are to formulate practical resolutions and new solutions, to launch initiatives and to develop a rigorously defined roadmap to promote employment.
• Secondly: give priority to specialties that make it possible to find a job and introduce an effective system of early guidance in the second or third year prior to the baccalaureate. Her role is to help students, depending on their tendencies and their tendencies, make two or two choices: taking a university education or following a professional education.
At the same time, we are calling for the establishment of a framework agreement between the government and the private sector to give a strong impetus to the requalification for students who leave training without study. They will therefore be able to enjoy new opportunities to facilitate their socio-professional integration.
• Third, to thoroughly revise the vocational training specialties to meet the needs of companies and the public sector and to be in line with the changes in the industrial and professional sectors. The laureates will therefore have a better chance to integrate professionally.
More attention should therefore be paid to vocational training at all levels. It is also important to set up a new generation of youth training and qualification centers, which will be able to meet current requirements and take into account the specific characteristics and needs of each region.
In this context, the Hassan II Economic and Social Development Fund will contribute to the construction and equipment of new vocational training centers to meet the new needs.
• Fourth: introduce practical mechanisms to improve young people's incentives to develop small and medium-sized enterprises in their area of expertise, to improve their quality and to support initiatives such as self-employment and social entrepreneurship.
In addition, public administrations, and in particular local authorities, have to pay their contributions to businesses. Because any late payment can lead to bankruptcies and, in conjunction, many job losses.
But how to preach, for example, when the administrations and government agencies do not keep their promises in this area?
• Fifth: introduction of new mechanisms to integrate part of the informal sector into the formal sector, ensuring that the former's human potential includes appropriate and stimulating training and social security and by supporting projects for self-employment or business creation.
• Sixth: establish, at the level of each school, a compulsory program spread over three to six months to upgrade students and trainees in foreign languages; promoting greater linguistic integration at all levels of study, particularly in teaching scientific and technical subjects.
Youth issues are not only in the field of education and employment; they also relate to other conceptual areas such as openness of mind, intellectual development and physical well-being.
The spirit of unanimity, symbiosis and sacrifice that presided over the revolution of the King and the People, which we celebrate every year on August 20, also inspires Moroccans when addressing the question of our territorial integrity.
It is therefore in complete confidence and responsibility that Morocco continues to support the momentum of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, in cooperation with his personal envoy.
This dedication is based on the same foundations that we have defined in the latest Green March speech. In this context, we note with satisfaction that there is an increasing agreement between these principles and international positions.
In fact, the recent resolutions of the Security Council and the African Union Summit unequivocally confirm the exclusive competence of the United Nations to oversee the political process.
We would like to express our gratitude and appreciation to the fraternal African leaders, who have cooperated positively with the fundamental positions of Morocco, and who have responded positively to the Security Council's appeal to members of the community. to support his efforts.
At the will of God, the anniversary of the revolution of the King and the People this year coincides with the celebration of Eid-El-Adha.
These two events, although they differ in their religious and national significance, are nonetheless connected in the memory and soul of Moroccans, because they refer to the values that characterize them: sacrifice and loyalty.
In these blessed days of the Lord, we bring prayers in memory of the Hero of Liberation and National Unity, Our August Grandfather, His late Majesty King Mohammed V and His Fighting Companion, Our Venerable Father, Late His Majesty King Hassan II. May God have them in His holy grace, as well as all the courageous martyrs of the homeland.
We also take this opportunity to reaffirm that we are in a collective commitment to follow in their footsteps, to defend the unity and stability of Morocco, to work for its development and growth, to realize the hopes of its children.