– It surprised me that Norwegian local politicians and residents slept for an hour. More attention was paid to this only this fall, says Professor Øivind Anti Nilsen of the Norwegian School of Economics and Business (NHH) to E24, and adds that he finds it strange that so many municipalities have wanted to participate in the investment on the mainland windmills.
– As tax legislation is today, there is little for the local community. What is the reason for wanting to participate?
The professor, together with Nils May of the German Institute for Economic Research, investigated the local economic effects of the development of wind turbines for German municipalities.
– Wind energy can be useful in the green team and a rich country in which Norway should participate. As a country, we can now do without wind energy, but there will be more demand for energy as it becomes more and more electrified, he explains.
NVE & # 39; s overview showed nearly three percent of total electricity production in Norway last year. The power was produced by 610 wind turbines and according to plan there are eight new wind turbines that will contribute to the production of energy in 2019.
This year, the construction of a new wind farm on Frøya in Trøndelag in particular triggered a discussion. Trønderergi asked the state to intervene after the city council had stopped building the Trønderergi and Stadtwerke München construction. It happened after the construction was postponed due to demonstrations.
The NHH professor does not believe that the wind farms offer many local jobs or attract tourists.
– I fear that the development missions will not end up with the local entrepreneurs and that the large international owners have their own mobile experts who carry out the technically complicated maintenance of the wind turbines. So it is limited what the local community gets back.
The wind turbines must pay property taxes to the municipalities, but do not pay the land tax, unlike hydroelectric power stations.
– For me, the communities seem to have crumbled. The property tax gives them little. I would say that wind energy must be a natural treasure. It hopes that I can be admitted and adopted, says the professor.
The income from the land rental tax is due to the state, while the natural tax is allocated to provincial municipalities and municipalities.
In addition, the professor believes that it can be an advantage if it becomes a system for negotiations with major international energy companies.
– Investors now come from large, foreign companies and they negotiate with a mayor who runs a municipality with perhaps 5,000 residents. Then it is unfortunately a bit of luck or bad luck if the municipal representatives are good at such negotiations, says Nilsen.
The Electricity and IT Association has also argued that it is time to make changes so that the conditions become more equal for wind and hydropower.
Many wind projects are currently being planned and built after costs have fallen and wind energy has become more attractive. The trade union fears, among other things, that the tax system makes it too unattractive to invest in water power upgrades.