The El Comercio-Ipsos survey, published on Tuesday, reports that the dissemination of recent audios with judges, prosecutors and members of the National Council of Magistrates (CNM) does not only handle the invoice Prosecution or to Judicial power as institutions, but also to their representatives. For example a Pedro Chávarry, prosecutor of the nation, or the highest court César San Martín.
First, 67% said they were aware of the audios that allegedly declared maladministration between former CNM officials and important judges. 67% also indicated that they knew the dialogues between Chávarry and the suspended chief judge César Hinostroza and 94% asked him to resign after he felt that he was losing the public's trust. In the same way, 58% reported that it was aware of the audio between San Martín and the former president of the Superior Court of Callao, Walter Ríos, and of that total 94% demanded the dismissal of the highest court.
Analysts consulted by The trade They indicated that the orders to abandon Chávarry and San Martín endorse the distrust of the legal system, beyond the individual responsibilities.
For Gerardo Távara, general secretary of the Civil Transparency Association, the population sees corruption in the legal system, without making any distinction as to whether they are judges or prosecutors. "I do not say everything, but the people see that it is widespread at the level of everything that is the legal system, both in the Public Prosecution Service and in the judiciary," he told this newspaper.
In this sense, he considered that the data from the survey reinforce and transfer the mistrust in the judicial system that identifies such a crisis, for example in Pedro Chávarry. "The longer the prosecutor Chávarry stays in that position, the feeling of impunity will increase, and then it will be much more difficult to restore public confidence in the Public Prosecution Service and in the judiciary," he said.
For the Head of Mission in Peru of the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA International), Percy Medina said that while the ordinary citizen does not identify the differences between the actors of the legal system, he rejects the behavior of all by audios.
"There is so much material presented and there are so many different facts, I think it is not easy for ordinary citizens to assign individual responsibilities or to have an opinion on each case, but there is a general feeling that the legal system has serious problems and that corruption has permeated the various institutions, "he said, noting that what has happened legitimizes the actors of the justice system.
In the same vein, Luis Benavente, political analyst and director of Vox Pópuli, says he is not surprised by the negative perception of citizens about Chávarry as a result of the unfavorable flow of information to him. In his opinion, a possible dismissal by the prosecutor of the nation would politicize the election of his deputy and generate a "pressure of interest," and he believed that this was also seen in his term of office.
"If he does not resign, it weakens the institution in one way or another, and the resignation generates a complicated path, because the subject of Chávarry's replacement will automatically become politicized, and sustainability is also very complicated and politically correct. is the resignation, "he said.
Finally, political analyst Luis Nunes agreed that people are better informed about the audio and therefore "has a terrible impression of everything that has to do with the judiciary". In the case of Chávarry he thought he would resign, because he forced his situation.