The use of advanced technology, with small all-terrain robots, according to EFE, has allowed to offer human sacrifices 3,000 years old in the temple of Chavín de Huántar, in Peru, the first major center of religion and pilgrimage in the history of South America.
the "Chavín Rover"while they were baptized by the team of archaeologists who used them in one of the oldest ruins in Peru, they came through narrow channels that connect the galleries of the complex, which remain largely hidden until they are the main find of this complex reach site in the past 50 years.
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These four-wheel drive vehicles, controlled by a remote control and equipped with cameras and lighting systems, led to the discovery for the first time of funerals in the same period Chavin, millenary, untouched funeral scenes of the same men who built the temple, something of which there was no report.
"The interesting thing is that they are not high-ranking people, they are probably sacrificed people, but that can be seen with later studies," the American archaeologist told Efe. John Rick, Director for nearly 25 years of excavations, which the Ministry of Culture of Peru, Stanford University (United States) and the mining company Antamina.
The American archaeologist was most impressed by the position of the bodies, with the image buried down with a pile of stones, which he considers to be a "not very honorable" context.
"So we partially solve the great mystery of where they are buried Chavin to their dead. I do not think it was a habit to do it in the galleries, but occasionally they did it ", said Rick, who has not been able to leave the ruins for two months, nestled in a remote valley of the Andes, at 3,100 meters above sea level.
The specialist is convinced that he can find at least three additional graves, since he has similar galleries, located between the left side of the main temple and the round square of the complex, declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 1985..
These new rooms may have the same pattern, with human remains accompanied by other offerings consisting of fragments of shells and fine ceramic pieces representing the iconography of the gods of chavin, fierce faces of monstrous features, sharp teeth and bulging eyes.
"They are objects arrived from other parts of Peru and perhaps also from other parts of America", said the Peruvian Vice President of Cultural Heritage and Cultural Industries, Luis Felipe Villacorta, because the cult that was practiced in Chavín de Huántar, stretched through the Andean region from 1500 to 300 BC, almost three millennia before the Inca's dominated this area.
According to Rick, for this contemporary pre-Hispanic and pre-Inca society with other ancient civilizations such as Ancient Egypt, his ability to use religion to create an authority, whose maximum deity is shown in the reliefs of the sacred lanzon monolith, carved into the heart of the great temple.
"Authorities and priests created experiences in architecture and rituals with psychoactive drugs and manipulation of sounds and light that pilgrims could not explain without resorting to the idea that Chavín leaders had access to higher powers," he added.
So far, 36 tunnels or passageways have been identified that go underground and communicate with each other, but the map of this labyrinth is incomplete and for the director of the excavations there are still centuries of work in these ruins, where every 300 years new passages, some on others.
For this purpose, the two "Chavín Rover", designed by engineers from the Stanford University, who participated in the project and were used as a pioneer in archaeological research in Peru, similar to those previously used to find secret chambers in the Pyramid of Cheops (Egypt).
"Chavín de Huántar is a very suitable field for the use of robots, there are many areas where we can not easily get in. Sometimes they are dangerous and others are too small", Rick concluded.
These findings and the next ones that will come, results of "scratching" only the superficial layers of this monumental puzzle, will National Museum of Chavín, a few meters from the ruins, where recently opened its International Center for Research, Restoration and Conservation.