by: Jésica León, Jaqueline Prieto and Carlos Villacorta from Tumbes
With the help of his uncle, an eight-year-old Venezuelan boy crossed the border between Ecuador and Peru to meet his father, whom he separated seven months ago. Yosmiell Alejandro Díaz Muñoz joined the Andean migration map and played in moving scenes when he saw Walter Díaz Muñoz, who was waiting for him at the Binational Border Care Center (CEBAF) in Zarumilla, Tumbes. Yosmiell is now traveling to Lima to meet his brother.
His father, Walter, has saved some money and has been able to reunite the family just before Peru requests a passport from all Venezuelan citizens on Saturday 25 October as a security measure for an orderly migration.
YOU CAN SEE Venezuelans in Peru: the current figure of Venezuelan migration so far this year
And it is that the lives of the Venezuelans who left their country because of the situation with which they are confronted under the Nicolás Maduro regime are becoming increasingly difficult because the neighbors to which they aspired demand a passport.
There are people who do it because they had it five years ago, when the crisis in their country had not been tightened yet. But there are people who do not have the document because Venezuela has blocked the delivery of this document, so they have not left legally. That is why many have taken the risk of staying illegally in the neighboring countries.
At the request of international organizations such as the UN, so that Peru does not prevent the arrival of people fleeing the crisis in Venezuela, the Peruvian authorities evaluate the possibility of not requiring passports in exceptional situations. This would be the case for minors, pregnant women and older adults.
The Ministries of Home Affairs and Foreign Affairs, at the express decision of President Martín Vizcarra, consider this flexibilisation, confirmed Prime Minister César Villanueva last Wednesday.
The Agency of the VN for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) yesterday and Peru Ecuador that the welcoming of Venezuelan citizens is not stopped and they acknowledge the efforts that both countries have made.
However, they expressed concern about the most vulnerable people such as children, adolescents, women and people who tried to reunite with their families. Especially for minors who can not meet documentation requirements and who are exposed to dangers such as exploitation, violence and human trafficking.
"We praise the efforts already made by host countries to provide Venezuelans with conditions for security, support and assistance, and we are confident that such solidarity demonstrations will continue in the future," said IOM Director General William Swing on Thursday in Geneva.
In the CEBAF several Venezuelans receive food from aid organizations, while they continue to make long queues to process their Andean map and reach the destination cities, mostly Tumbes, Piura, Trujillo and Lima.
There is a stand in the hallways UNHCR. The agency's information officer, Regina de la Portilla, indicates that from May to the present day, legal assistance has been provided to more than 7,000 migrants, more than 5,000 baby kits and a further thousand toilet sets for women, as well as medical assistance to 300 people.
"People are hungry and malnourished because they have not eaten enough food for five days of travel, and in many cases it takes several months to cross Colombia and Ecuador and we are now completing the excellent work of the Peruvian authorities," he said.
Until this office yesterday Wilmer Dávila came to ask for support with medication for his son with special myelia, a disease that throws him to the ground.
The Ministry of Health (Minsa) has set up a health center to apply free vaccines to migrants. According to the Regional Health Director of Tumbes, 11 cases of vivax malaria were confirmed. That is why more than 800 vaccines are placed every week.
Meanwhile hundreds of Venezuelans in Lima are making long queues at the headquarters Interpol from Surco and at the San Martín de Porres police station to process the criminal records and the police, which is a requirement for the temporary residence permit (PTP).
In view of the high demand, Interpol will open an office in Miraflores this month and expand its opening hours, Minister of Home Affairs Mauro Medina said. It is also planned to have ten new offices outside of Lima.
– According to the head of the National Superintendence of Migrations, Eduardo Sevilla, the report registered by his office is 400 thousand 200 Venezuelans who entered Peru.
– To prevent undocumented Venezuelans from entering the international bridge of Aguas Verdes, the Minister of the Interior, Mauro Medina, announced that the immigration checkpoint Zarumilla and the checkpoint Carpitas will also be activated.