Referendum: Wednesday will be a key day for the PCM and the Congress of the Republic politics



Prime Minister César Villanueva will tomorrow (8:00 am) support the question of trust before the plenary session of the Congress, clearly in his office addressed to the head of Parliament, Daniel Salaverry, which is the second action of this nature.

"I am writing to you on behalf of the Council of Ministers, in accordance with articles 51, 126 and 133 of the political constitution of Peru, for the second time so far in the government 2016-2021, to greet and raise a question of trust. Congress, "says the document.

In doing so, the executive power notes that it takes into account the rejection of trust in the cabinet of Fernando Zavala and if the same happens, President Martín Vizcarra is ready to close the congress and hold parliamentary elections.

To support the presented trust problem, Villanueva is of the opinion that there is "a serious and unreasonable impact on general government policy" by postponing the adoption of proposals that are ashes of that policy, such as integrity, the fight against corruption, and institutional strengthening board of the country

On Wednesday, the plenary meeting will have to decide whether to accept or reject the question of trust.

Constitutionalist Samuel Abad explains that if it is Congress it rejects it, the constitution of 93 states that the president is authorized to dissolve the congress when the trust is refused to two cabinets.

Some are of the opinion that this is not the second point of trust. In this respect, Abad claims that this has no basis.

"When we voted in 2016, we did it for an iron with Kuczynski as president and Vizcarra and Aráoz as vice-presidents. PPK He left his office and Vizcarra would replace him. There is no support for another interpretation, "he said.

If the Congress refuses to accept the question of trust, the instrument that the president must enforce is the Constitution itself, which gives it powers.

Another scenario is that the proposals are discussed and not approved. In this case, the question of trust would be rejected and the President could close the Congress

With regard to the changes made by the Congress On the trust that has been challenged before the Constitutional Court (TC), Abad argued that the Congress tried to settle the question of trust without having the power to do so.

"It is as if the Executive has passed a Supreme Decree that will amend the Congress's powers, that is not possible, but that is what the Congress has done," he added.

Another argument is that the question of trust can not be asked for a referendum, the specialist explained that the government raises the question of trust in important government policies, such as political and judicial reforms. "And the referendum is the result of the reforms."

For the former president of the TC, César Landa, the initiative of the president Martín Vizcarra It is constitutional and legitimate.

"The constitution must be fulfilled and that instrument is planned, no one can say that what the president is proposing is unconstitutional," he said.

Referendum or parliamentary elections

Faced with the question of trust, Rosa Maria Palacios said that both referendums are held in December or parliamentary elections are held. "The president has both options on the table." Sin Guion explained that in this case there are only two ways: one, that the accounts are approved with 66 votes, with which a referendum will take place in December. declares the case inadmissible or inadmissible, or if there is discussion, but the votes are not met, the question of trust is considered rejected and therefore the Cabinet is expired, a Prime Minister is appointed and the President can Congress.

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