Mateusz Morawiecki on Poland's negotiations with the EU. Sandomierz. | politics

The meeting in Sandomierz was rich in European discussions. The head of government convinced the interlocutors that Poland "set standards and ideas" in the Union, and once it was only a "parrot of Europe". He also promised that in the next budgetary perspective we will get much more money from the Union than economists and Brussels officials say. – I myself negotiated EU accession 20 years ago and I know exactly how the best deals in the EU are being concluded – the Prime Minister assured me.

It was this last sentence that released a real storm, because people decided to take those who brought Poland to the Union. "Prime Minister Morawiecki:" I negotiated Poland's accession to the EU twenty years ago. "You have not negotiated anything, but let me wait until I die," Prime Minister Leszek Miller said in the words of the head of government, in which Poland became part of the Community. The discussion about the role of Mateusz Morawiecki has thus been resurrected because journalists, commentators and politicians participate on both sides of the barricade.

Trends for confabulation

Prime Minister Morawiecki tends to exaggerate his historical role

– the former head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Prof. Dariusz Rosati, when we ask him about the words of the head of the government. – Recently he said he was in Solidarity and fought with communists, although he was never in Solidarity. He also said that his colleagues of the conspiracy were killed by the SB, which is not true, because he was going to school at that time. The prime minister unfortunately has a tendency to confabulation – the MEP of Civic Platform continues.

It was during Rosati's term as head of diplomacy that the European Integration Committee was established – the main governing body that coordinated the complete integration process between Poland and the Union. KIE was of a strictly political nature – the Prime Minister was its President, including constitutional ministers, and the KIE Secretary was automatically the head of the European Integration Committee.

The nature of UKIE was very different – executive, expert and advisory. – The Office worked alongside the ministries, but the existence of the European Integration Committee as a political body gave it a special rank, as it forced all ministries to comply with the UKIE – explains Professor Danuta Huebner, the first head of the office of the Commission for European Integration and the Prime Minister for European Affairs.

It was precisely in UKIE since 1998 that there was a less than 30-year-old Morawiecki. He was the deputy director of the Accession negotiations department, which is one of the seven divisions of the newly created super-ministry. However, the current Prime Minister did not receive him there for a long time, because he switched to business in the same year. He found work at Bank Zachodni, where he was first advisor to the president of the board of directors (1998-2001), later director and member of the board of directors, and since 2007 chairman of BZ WBK.

I invited Mateusz Morawiecki to work together. He was the deputy director of the department responsible for the preparation of negotiations with Brussels

– says Ryszard Czarnecki, the European Parliament for Justice and Justice, and in 1997-98 the President of the Committee for European Integration. – I was very happy – adds PiS politician and points out that Morawiecki met Jacek Czaputowicz (also deputy director of the Accession negotiations department) in the UKIE, who after almost two decades assumed the head of diplomacy in his administration. .

Morawiecki, or one of many

What was the actual role of Morawiecki in the negotiations between Warsaw and Brussels? Objectively seen: small. For different reasons.

First of all, it was not the UKIE that played a key role in the process of integrating Poland with the European Union. – Negotiations and political supervision of the entire operation were carried out by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The office of the Committee for European Integration played an important role, as did our civil servants in Brussels, but all decisions were made in the ministry and it was clearly decided – says Prof. Dariusz Rosati.

Prof. Danuta Huebner also emphasized that the Office of the Committee for European Integration had other tasks than could be deduced from the statements made by Prime Minister Morawiecki.

Everyone was counting, but the UKIE officials were certainly not negotiators

– he marks. As he said, the talks with Brussels were led by the negotiating team that was appointed by the Head of Government on 27 March 1997. Among the members were the government representative for negotiation for Polish membership of the European Union and representatives of the main ministries appointed by the Prime Minister by name (in the rank of secretaries or Deputy State Secretaries). The team consisted of 18 members.

What did Morawiecki do then? – Departments have expressed opinions on each act and compliance with European legislation in this area – explains the member of the Civic Platform Member.

Morawiecki was one of the many employees of the office, not a negotiator. If he participated in the work, then as a regular official. He had nothing to talk about. He prepared materials for meetings, took notes, brief conversations

– adds Prof. Rosati, head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1995-97.

Secondly, our interlocutors agree that the key role in the integration process was played by negotiating teams in individual ministries. They were responsible for the current work, discussions with Brussels officials and the coordination of all problematic issues in the areas dealt with by the ministries.

Third, thousands of people – advisors, experts, politicians and civil servants – worked on the process of integrating Poland with the Union. There were seven departments in the UKIE itself. Add the negotiating team to each of the ministries and our representatives in Brussels. At the end – KIE and the negotiating team appointed by the prime minister in 1998. – It was a huge machine, it depended on the largest number of people involved in the collaboration, so that everyone could feel how important this matter is – recalls prof. Huebner. – It was a large-scale operation, since integration was all areas of the Polish economy – emphasizes Prof. Rosati.

However, Ryszard Czarnecki does not doubt. – Mateusz Morawiecki held executive positions at the Office of the Committee for European Integration, he undoubtedly played an important role, although certainly less than the Minister or Deputy Minister assures us. And he adds: – Prime Minister Morawiecki can certainly say that he has a stone in the work of Poland's accession to the European Union.

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