1928-2018. Marceline Loridan-Ivens: death of a resistant

Marceline Loridan-Ivens died on 18 September, in Paris, she was 90 years old. In the cinematographic field her name is in the first place inseparable from her second husband, the Dutchman Joris Ivens (1898-1989), a guardian of the history of documentarism. With him he obtained titles that are as remarkable as Le 17 Parallèle (1968), about the inhabitants of the "demilitarized zone" during the war in Vietnam and their ways to survive the shelling of the American army, or Commentary Yukong Déplaça les Montagnes, a series of 12 films about the Cultural Revolution of Mao Tse-Tung in China, shot between 1972 and 1976.

On a more personal level, he La Petite Prairie aux Bouleaux (2003), with Anouk Aimée, about a French born of a Jewish family, a survivor of the Auschwitz concentration camp. The evocation of the Holocaust is after all a pre-eminently self-activist dimension, since Marceline Loridan-Ivens himself survived a prison sentence in the Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen and Theresienstadt camps.

He was born in Épinal, on March 19, 1928, under the name Marceline Rozenberg, in a Jewish family from Poland. Stuck to the resistance, after the Nazi's entry into French territory. Together with her father she was captured by the Gestapo in 1943 and sent to Auschwitz on 13 April 1944, followed by Simone Veil (1927-2017) on the same train. He got his freedom back on May 10, 1945, when the Soviet army arrived in Theresienstadt. In a recent interview he summarized his experience and said: "We did not know whether we were going out of the chimney or the door."

Marceline Loridan-Ivens himself appears in the film Chronique d "un Été (1961) by Jean Rouch and Edgar Morin in a celebrated monologue at the Place de la Concorde in Paris, which evokes deportations during the Second World War. This is a remarkable title of the period of aesthetic and social confirmation of the French New Wave.

He treated the memoirs of the extermination camps in two books, both written in collaboration with journalist and essayist Judith Perrignon. The first, Et tu n "est pas revenu, appeared in 2015 after he had given him the Jean-Jacques Rousseau prize; the second, Dear après, was published last January – this interview in France's 5 "La Grande Librairie" program happened at that time (subtitles available in different languages, including Portuguese).

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