Halogen lamps become history. This is because since 1 September this type of light bulbs is forbidden to sell in Romania, but also in the other EU countries. Their place is occupied by LED lamps, which are economically more efficient but also more expensive.
The European Commission for the Promotion of Energy Efficiency was the one who decided to replace the conventional light bulbs with the economic ones. Traders will also be allowed to sell classic light bulbs to exhaust their stocks. The measure prohibiting the sale of halogen lamps should even be taken in 2016, but has been postponed until now.
The goal of this measure is that consumers eventually switch to LED technology, which leads to a significant reduction in energy consumption. According to studies by the European Commission, measures are being taken to increase efficiency, among other things by replacing all conventional lighting sources with LEDs-based lighting, to a reduction in consumption of up to 93 TWh per year in 2020. This figure corresponds to with annual electricity consumption of a country of the size of Portugal.
Together with the cheaper LED technology, light-emitting diode lamps are increasingly being sold, also in Romania, as the electricity increases. Last year, for example, sales of LEDs in Romania were better than sales of other types of lamps. For example, 55% of the light sources sold in 2017 were equipped with LED technology.
The use of economic lamps makes a decisive contribution to reducing the current invoice. LED lamps offer directional light, but are used in groups. These devices offer better, not only economic light. The white LED, now used in the current LED lamps, was discovered in 1993 by Nichia Corporation.
Pros and cons
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The main advantage of LED lamps is energy efficiency much better than light bulbs. The low energy consumption is therefore about 10-15 times lower than that of a conventional light bulb. LED lamps also produce much stronger light and are closer to the concept of white light, better known as daylight. The life of LED lamps is also superior – up to 50,000 hours, more than 50 times more than incandescent light. Last but not least we are talking about increased resistance. LED lamps are thus resistant to shocks and vibrations because they do not have a filament such as light bulbs.
LED lamps also have a number of disadvantages, and the most important is the price much higher than the classic ones. In the meantime, the costs are being written off by saving energy.