The women in our country are not at the top, but the Romanian men between the ages of 45 and 59 use about 8.2 daily alcoholic beverages, which makes them top of the list.
Other previous studies have concluded that moderate alcohol consumption – about one drink per day for women and two for men – may offer protection against heart disease.
But the authors of the research recently claim that all the alcohol benefit is compensated by the harmful effects, the Press Association reported.
Consumption of one drink per day increases the risk of developing one of the 23 alcohol-related diseases by 0.5%, the researchers estimate.
"Previous studies have identified a protective effect of alcohol related to disease, but we have found that combined alcohol-related risks" are increasing with every amount of alcohol, "said Dr. Max Griswold, principal investigator at the Institute for Health Assessment. at the University of Washington.
"In particular, the association between alcohol consumption and the risk of cancer, injuries and infectious diseases compensates for the protective effects of ischemic heart disease in women being studied.Although the health risks associated with alcohol start to decrease due to the consumption of a Some drink every day they grow quickly when people drink more, "Griswold said.
The scientists collected data from 592 studies with a total of 28 million people and studied this information to assess the health risks of alcohol use.
A standard alcoholic beverage was defined as having ten grams of alcohol in its contents, according to the press association.
The team of researchers used a new statistical method to estimate the daily consumption of a quantity of zero to 15 standard drinks.
About one in three people on the planet – or 2.4 billion – is alcohol consuming, scientists say, whose findings have been published in the Lancet medical journal.
When alcohol kills
annually 2.2% of women and 6.8% of men lose their lives as a result of alcohol-related health problemsincluding cancer, tuberculosis and liver disease.
Other harmful effects of alcohol use are accidents and violence.
worldwide Alcohol use in 2016 occupies the seventh place among the risk factors for premature death, is mentioned in the research.
Alcohol use, however, is the most important risk factor in the age group 15-49, with 3.8% of deaths among women and 12.2% of deaths in men.
For people older than 50 years, cancer cases are the main cause of alcohol-related deaths: 27.1% of deaths in women and 18.9% of those in men.
Increasing the risk of developing one of the 23 alcohol-related diseases by 0.5% means that 918 of the 100,000 people who used an alcoholic beverage per day will develop a health problem compared to 914 non-alcohol users.
For those who drink two glasses a day, the risk of developing an alcohol-related condition is 7% higher.
For people who consume five alcoholic drinks per day, the risk increases by 37%.
Any protection provided to heart diseases, strokes or diabetes is & statistically insignificant & # 39; turned out, the researchers conclude.
Consumption patterns of alcoholic beverages vary considerably worldwide, according to the study.
Denmark appeared to have the largest proportion of alcohol consumers – 95.3% of women and 97.3% of men. In Pakistan and Bangladesh, this percentage is the lowest: only 0.8% of Pakistani men and 0.3% of Bangladeshi women drink alcoholic beverages.
Men in Romania and women in Ukraine drink the most – respectively 8.2 and 4.2 drinks.
"Alcohol control policies and health programs should be reviewed globally and alcohol abstention recommendations should be taken into account," said Emmanuela Gakidou of the Health Assessment Institute at Washington University. .
Also see The first country in the world that demands a minimum price for alcohol
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