After Carniprod (Tulcea) opened the black list with 45,000 killed pigs and 150 wounded lanes, the confirmation of outbreaks in Brăila – Tichileşti and Gropeni County – will add 200,000 to the number of killed pigs and 600 jobs to the number of places to work abolished. Until then, the national total of slaughtered pigs was already more than 70,000 in farms and almost 50,000 in households, so the number of euthanasers will be more than 350,000.
Representatives of farmers and leaders of consumer organizations also accuse the authorities of euthanizing healthy pigs, not being able to identify diseases in each individual animal and refusing farmers to dump healthy pigs in confirmed areas as outbreaks of African swine fever. Moreover, the aggressiveness of the disease is perceptible, but farmers are convinced that Romania was the target of bioterrorist attacks and that is why the intervention of the Supreme Land Defense Council (CSAT) became necessary. President Klaus Iohannis must also determine whether urgent and urgent measures are needed, but also as a legal basis for terminating contracts or granting tax relief and exemptions.
"We killed 29,000 pigs in a total of 45,000 pigs to kill and burn, and we have to destroy 500 – 600 tons of pork from the warehouses, in a critical environment near the Danube Delta. buy pork from other producers, "said Nicolae Ciuleac, the owner of Carniprod Tulcea. All 150 employees of the pig breeding complex are out of service. "I will give them a salary this month, and then God with mercy, we stay with the commercial sector, the farmland, but the pigs for others to grow," said Nicolae Ciuleac.
On Saturday, African swine fever was confirmed at the largest pig farm in Romania and the second largest in Europe – the complex in Gropeni, Braila County, which houses almost 140,000 pigs. All animals on the farm will be euthanised. Initially, the presence of African swine fever was confirmed by a veterinary laboratory in Braila, but prior confirmation of the virus also required confirmation from the National Reference Laboratory in Bucharest. The results of the analyzes in the capital came Saturday and confirmed the infection with the African swine fever virus on the farm in Gropeni, Braila County. For example, all pigs on the farm – about 140,000 animals – will be euthanised and the operation will begin on Monday, with preparations due to the very large number of animals to be slaughtered.
Confirmation of Gropeni appears shortly after the virus was confirmed in another complex in Braila County, in Tichileşti, where there were 35,000 pigs.
The latest statistics, announced on Thursday by the National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority (ANSVSA), showed that African swine fever evolved to two geographical areas, with 727 outbreaks currently confirmed in 156 sites in 10 provinces.
"In the northwest of Romania the disease develops in 3 districts, Satu-Mare, Sălaj and Bihor, the presence of the virus is confirmed in 14 places 1.382 house pigs were killed and 14 wild boar were affected. confirmed in 142 places in the provinces of Tulcea, Constanta, Braila, Ialomita, Galati, Calarasi and Ilfov.42866 household pigs were killed in households, and in 8 large-scale commercial farms until August 22, 2018, 70,036 pigs were killed, "said ANSVSA.
In detail, the situation of outbreaks of PPA & # 39; s is as follows:
– district of Satu-Mare – 7 outbreaks in households and 10 cases in wild boar;
– Bihor County – 28 outbreaks in households and one case in wild boar;
– Salaj County – 3 cases of wild boar.
– district of Tulcea – 514 outbreaks, of which 508 outbreaks in households, one outbreak in a type A-type company, 4 outbreaks in industrial plants, one outbreak in a slaughterhouse of a trading company and 17 cases in wild boar;
– Brăila County – 29 outbreaks in the population and 2 in commercial farms;
– Constanta County – 53 outbreaks in households of the population;
– Ialomita County – 89 outbreaks in households and one case in wild boar;
– Galati County – 2 outbreaks in the households of the population;
– Ilfov County – an outbreak in an outhouse of a herd;
– Calarasi County – 2 outbreaks in households.
At the level of the authorities, the efforts are in line with the urgency and intensity of the crisis, but the results do not satisfy the farmers. The only measure that officials are "stuck" is the cash compensation that the state of the patients affected by swine fever will pay, but this compensation is also called into question. "Compensation for people and farms affected by African swine fever is granted only temporarily as a last resort," he said. European Commissioner for Agriculture, Phil Hogan, in a letter addressed to the request of the Romanian Member of Parliament Laurenţiu Rebega.
"I am fully aware of the fact that veterinary restrictions have economic consequences for pig farmers in the areas concerned." Article 220 of the EU Regulation 1308/2013, which establishes the common organization of agricultural markets, allows for exceptional and temporary market support measures. This type of market support measure can only be granted for a short period to complete targeted veterinary measures, which are not intended in any way to provide continuous financial support in limited areas ", the European Commissioner said in a letter to Laurentiu Rebega.
On the other hand the president of ANSVSA, Geronimo Brănescu, said in an interview with Mediafax that "we have sufficient resources (to control the African swine fever crisis), we have got everything we asked for the correction of the budget – of course, in relation to the estimates I made on the evolution of the disease ".
"To date 93 cases have been completed for the affected households, with a total of 217,700 lei, but we still have 1,728 files in different analysis and approval phases, compensation will be paid, because the compensation assessment committees will work in full. to implement the 90-day deadline laid down in the legislation, "said Geronimo Brănescu.
even executiveAccusatory President Klaus Iohannis of boycotting the budget improvement, he claims he also confuses the accounts of swine fever. "The draft corrigendum for the budget provides for the payment of compensation for carcasses, the purchase of disinfectants, mobile incinerators, the transport of slaughtered animals, etc. The delay in adopting the rectification of the budget affects the proper functioning of the program for control and control of African swine fever, "the government said on Friday.
even Governor of the central bank, Mugur Isărescu, recently said that African swine fever was not included in the inflation forecast, but massive imports of meat after the crisis is & # 39; a reality & # 39 ;. "The swine fever did not include it in our calculations, but during this period large quantities of meat were imported, which is a reality," Mugur Isarescu said after the presentation of the new inflation report. "We walk around the squares and look at prices, we think food prices are reasonable and we assure you that inflation is low," said the governor.
At the end of this week, at ANSVSA headquarters, Spanish professor José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno, an expert in virology, presented the results of his research on the African swine fever virus and the experience gained in combating this disease in countries such as Spain, Portugal and Lithuania. The main problems in controlling African swine fever are according to the expert: the animal organism does not produce antibodies against neutralization (reason why no vaccine has been found), high environmental impact, high genotyping variability (24 genotypes). Infected animals are similar to those of other diseases. , diagnosis can only be done after laboratory tests, contamination occurs in different ways (contaminated insects, contaminated debris, carrier animals, unresolved biosecurity conditions).
According to the analysis by Prof. José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno, the main problems with African swine fever are poor biosafety farms (with outside and movable animals in the garden), the identification process of animals incorrect, which causes problems in transfability, poor control on movement of animals and disinfection of transport vehicles. The expert also claims that there is a need for a global eradication program, changes in the pig industry and solutions for the relocation of commercial farms. One of the risk factors, the most important of which were illegal imports of live pigs and pig meat products and low biosecurity in pig farms. It was stressed that, in the case of diseases that involve a risk of spreading by wild animals, biosafety is an essential tool.
Until then, but … "I'm going to cry, to see tens of thousands of slaughtered animals, I do not know if you're doing that, it's different on that side of the fence, the loss is huge, millions of euros. The farm is already closed, it's all unemployed, including myself, the virus is very aggressive, destroying livestock farming, a good piece has already been destroyed, I suspect the whole south-east of our country is on the ground and still will lie on the ground, "said Alexandru Dumitrescu, former head of the pig farm in Tichileşti.