The pituitary gland or pituitary gland is a small organ in the form of a pea, located at the base of the brain, near the base of the bridge of the nose. It is attached to the hypothalamus through a structure called the "pituitary rod". Despite its small size, this gland plays a very important role in the body because it is responsible for the production of many essential hormones for the proper functioning of endocrine and reproductive systems.
Here are the functions of the pituitary in the body, but also what conditions can occur when it does not work properly!
What role does the pituitary have?
The pituitary gland is divided into the anterior lobe (adenophobia) and the posterior lobe (neurochiphophy). Each lobe secretes hormones that have different functions in the body.
Adenohypophysis helps with secretion:
- HGH growth hormone – is important because it stimulates the growth and growth of tissues, especially muscles and bones.
- Thyroid hormone TSH (thyreotropin) – is essential for the proper functioning of the metabolism.
- Adrenocorticotropic hormone ACTH (corticotropin) – stimulates the adrenal glands to produce other important hormones, including cortisol.
- Follicle stimulating hormone FSH (follitropin) – stimulates the development of the ovaries in women and increases sperm production in men.
- Luteinizing hormone LH (lutropin) – is involved in the production of estrogen in women and testosterone in men.
- Lactotropic hormone PRL (prolactin) – stimulates lactation.
Adenohypophysis also stimulates the secretion of endorphins ("happy hormones", which stimulate the centers of pleasure in the brain and can have analgesic effects), enkephalin and melanocytic stimulating hormones (MRH).
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