In Europe, statistics say that one in five people infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is unaware of it, allowing it to spread the infection uncontrollably. In addition, more than half of people with HIV are diagnosed late, which is also delaying access to antiretroviral treatment.
At the same time, hepatitis B and hepatitis C are common in people who are at risk of contracting HIV. Between 20 and 30% of people infected with the hepatitis B virus will develop cirrhosis, liver failure, or hepatocellular carcinoma in their lifetime. Most people infected with the hepatitis C virus go undiagnosed, can pass on the infection, or be diagnosed after complications.
All of these statistics reveal the importance of testing for HIV and hepatitis viruses. Effective treatment can eliminate or suppress viruses, leading to a significant improvement in the health of the test subjects and the prevention of transmission of infections.
These statistics suggest that people who are unaware that they are infected with HIV or hepatitis B and C viruses should be tested in order to benefit from the treatment and to have the closest possible life expectancy. European test week for HIV and hepatitis (November 20-27, 2020) aims to advance testing and the benefits of early diagnosis of HIV and hepatitis B and C viruses.
For people at risk of getting HIV infection, the recommended frequency for testing is at least once a year. Depending on certain factors such as continued exposure, sexual behavior, personal history of sexually transmitted infections, use of pre- or post-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP, PEP), incidence and prevalence of HIV infection, testing may even be recommended every 3 months. .
For people at risk of contracting HBV infection, the test should also include those who have not received an HBV vaccination. Retesting every 6 or 12 months is only necessary if exposure and risk of infection persists, either in unvaccinated people or in people who have not developed antibodies after HBV immunization.
For people at risk of getting HCV infection, the test should be repeated every 6-12 months depending on the risk profile.
At Sanador, patients have the option of testing for HIV infection or hepatitis viruses, as well as for the body’s immune response to infections with these viruses.
Also learn more about the benefits of HIV testing for hepatitis B and C viruses!