Public hearings have been started in the Duma on the bill on raising the retirement age. Discussion in this format takes place for the first time in the Duma: in addition to the deputies, members of public organizations and business communities, experts, representatives of the regions, the government and the Court of Auditors participate.
The Duma press service noted that most of the delegates interrupted their holidays for participation in the hearings. Representatives from all regions of the Russian Federation attended the event. "More than 40 of them are presidents of regional legislative assemblies, 32 vice-chairmen," said the Lower House. It is expected that a total of around 600 people will participate in the hearings.
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An hour before the hearing began near the Duma building on the Okhotny Ryad, demonstrators began to gather against the pension reform. Judging by the photo's in the Telegram channels, representatives of the Yabloko Party and the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and citizens without the symbols of a party participated in pickets.
The inscriptions on the posters were: "Increasing the retirement age – the way to the cemetery," "Pension reform" – deprivation of the people. "Demonstrators also tied the Duma's gate with ribbons Two activists from the" Left Front "were arrested for the action with a coffin that symbolizes the funeral of" United Russia ", reports ATS "Info".
During the hearings on pension reform, the Duma was held by activists with a coffin as a symbol of the funeral of United Russia https://t.co/JH78PWfzEG Photo: Oleg Mokryakov pic.twitter.com/V4FDfN0iEL
– Media Zone (@mediazzzona) August 21, 2018
– Valery Rashkin (@RashkinV) August 21, 2018
Today the Duma holds hearings on pension reform – people came to protest. On the fence of the Duma, demonstrators connect red ribbons – a symbol of the fight against the increase in the retirement age pic.twitter.com/MDYKcpxPf9
– Sergey Udaltsov (@s_udaltsov) August 21, 2018
Direct translation of the hearings is carried out site of the Duma, sites "Gazety.Ru". "Vedomosti".
The hearing was opened by State Duma Speaker Vyacheslav Volodin, noting that the room of plenary sessions is designed for 450 people and is not suitable for everyone. He stated that the delegates occupied only one third of the seats and that the rest of the seats were lost to the representatives of the region. According to Volodin, the discussions will make it possible to "make the pension account" better and to relieve stress where they are ", reports Tass.
As a result of the hearings with amendments to the law, the special group will continue to work under the State Duma along with profile committees and faction representatives, as well as with representatives of civil society, Volodin said. "She will continue to work with the amendments to come back to this, perhaps not once to raise the bill qualitatively," he said.
Deputy Prime Minister for Social Affairs Tatiana Golikova and Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov did not take part in the discussion. July 19 they both missed first reading account in the Duma.
Head of the Ministry of Labor: there is no alternative to pension reform
The Minister of Labor and Social Protection Maximililin called the main purpose of the bill "ensure a stable development of the pension system, now and in the future."
The most important condition for the proposed changes, he said, is an increase in the amount of pensions of non-working pensioners from 2019 to 1,000 rubles per month. The reform offers six years the possibility to realize a progressive increase of pensions to 20,000 rubles within six years, according to the minister.
Topilin stressed the need to change the pension system and there is no alternative to raising the pensionable age. He explained this by saying that "in 10 years time we will have a major imbalance" between those entering the labor market and retiring.
"If we set goals to increase life expectancy, we have to change the retirement age," said the Head of the Ministry of Labor. He also noted that "in the future 5-10 years there will never be such a happy coincidence of circumstances." Responding to proposals to increase insurance premiums, Topilin said that in this case "the economy can go to the shadow".
Kudrin: it was necessary to think ten years ago, now the devil
The following word was taken by the chairman of the Accounting Chamber Alexei Kudrin, who called the current low pension and "absolutely unworthy of normal life." "In 2016 we did not complete inflation indexation and stopped indexing working pensioners." We have even come to the end: this kind of pension can not be saved, we need a new look, a new concept, "Kudrin said.
"We have to set a goal that the pension should be between 60 and 70% of the salary, if we do not decide today to raise the retirement age, we will achieve these goals", said the Head of the Accounting Chamber. Kudrin also quoted data that 65 percent of Russian retirees continue to work and only 20 percent do not.
Arguing, whether the government could go on in any other way that anyone could prepare for raising a retirement age, Kudrin has stated that "it should happen ten years ago". Now, "this must necessarily be done."
Kudrin also said that it is fairer to raise the retirement age than not to index the pensions for employees. After the transition period, it will be possible to return to the issue of indexing pensions to employees.
Reform offers people with a salary of 10 million rubles
Chairman Mikhail Shmakov, chairman of the Federation of Independent Trade Unions in Russia, has announced in his speech that 90 percent of trade unionists are against pension reform. At the same time he opposed the decision to raise the retirement age referendum.
He explained that when it comes to improving the pension system it is not worth it to "get out of this big problem that retirement age, then the benefits of a certain category, then something else, otherwise we will get a patchwork that does not will work, we believe that all of this should be considered as a whole. "
Shmakov also noted that all reform proposals were formulated by citizens and experts whose annual income, "judging from the statements, exceeds 10 million rubles".
"The average salary we have 43 thousand rubles, these people have an annual income of 500 thousand rubles, a difference of 20. For those who propose such reforms, it is not entirely clear how people living who have an income 20 times less," – Shmakov added.
The HSE rector suggested raising the personal income tax to 20% for those who are "happy"
The HSE rector Yaroslav Kuzminov in his speech justified the need for pension reform by the fact that by 2030 almost a third of the population of Russia will be "older people". "We now have no possibility to maneuver, postpone," he said.
Kuzminov noted that if there is an increase in the retirement age, the problem arises of maintaining jobs, especially in the commercial sector, where they try to recruit younger workers.
One of the measures to support the expert in pension reform mentioned the contributions from citizens who are willing to sacrifice part of their family budget for solutions to national problems. Kuzminov referred to the survey of the Higher School of Economics, according to which up to half of Russian citizens are ready, reports "Interfax".
The rector also considers it appropriate to set a personal income tax (PIT) of 20% for citizens with incomes of more than 5 million rubles per year. "This gives us about 50 billion rubles, not the biggest money, but it is a gesture that we have to do to unprotected layers of the population, they have to see that those who are lucky have a big social burden," Kuzminov said.
The leader of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia Vladimir Zhirinovsky in his usual way and said that "all oligarchs must donate money to the coffers" for the stable operation of the pension system. Zhirinovsky appealed to Alexander Shokhin, president of the Russian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (RSPP).
Mr. Shokhin, you must all gather in the Kremlin and say: & # 39; We have so many trillions of rubles, of which 99% have to be transferred to the treasury. Leave yourself a two-room apartment, you have enough and a salary of 50 thousand rubles. All the money in the treasury, "- said Zhirinovsky.
Vice-chairman and head of the faction "United Russia" Sergei Neverov spoke against "taking money from the rich". "You can take away the rich and share their fortune, there's not much time for that," he said, warning that "it will take a long time to recover from the consequences."
"In 1917 they took it away … And let's be honest: when people talk about the states of the Forbes list, they give numbers with a lot of zeros, for some reason they prefer to forget that in reality it's not money is, but especially assets, only and not so much accounts, as real companies, on which people work, "he recalled.
But even if you translate it into money and put the first twenty Forbes together, you have enough money for a maximum of two years of pension. & # 39; And then no one will take it away, & # 39; Neverov summarized.
The president of the Russian union of industrialists and entrepreneurs, Alexander Shokhin, questioned the "sufficiently strict" conditions for raising the retirement age and complained about the lack of a detailed analysis of the situation on the labor market. He also categorically opposes making employers by saving administrative and administrative work criminal methods.
The head of the public chamber Valery Fadeyev called the "search" proposal to raise the retirement age for women to 63 years, and the timetable for raising the retirement age is too fast. "Let's make it slower: a year for two." The president said that we have five to seven years, that the country's financial condition is normal, we have time, "suggested Fadeev.
The head of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation named Gennady Zyuganov the bill & # 39; the most cruel and cynical & # 39; of the past 25 years. "They say there is no money, this is the biggest lie," said the leader of the parliamentary communists.
He noted that according to the current law a person contributes 103 salaries to the pension fund, but only 47 gets back. "Where are the 56 salaries you have? The oligarchs are getting rich," Zyuganov said.
The leader of the Liberal Democratic Party animated the hall and said that the pension reform is driving the middle generation "in the grave". "How will they live longer if we force them to work more? People live longer if they rest," he certainly knows.
Instead of pensions, Zhirinovsky suggested thinking about a "global conflict" in which, according to his predictions, Russia is dragged into the next 10 years. At the same time, he condemned those who held meetings against the law, because these problems "can not be solved".
Speaking to the fifteenth leader of the "Fair Russia" faction, Sergei Mironov noted that the discussion on pension reform should have been "amicably" before the introduction of the law. He blamed most previous speakers for supporting the document, calling it "anti-people."
According to Mironov, to take it "in no case is it impossible." He referred to the survey data, according to which 90 percent of citizens are against the reform. The leader of the SR noted that people do not understand why, with such a ratio, "the representative government drags the bill".
Mironov also cited other figures: according to his data, life expectancy increased, mainly as a result of the decline in infant mortality. He also added that 1.2 million new unemployed are expected, which means an increase in crime.
Like some of the participants in the hearings before him, the politician condemned the raising of the retirement age for women. For example, the authorities seem to "blame women for their long lives", said the head of the faction and threw applause.
Then Mironov read the verses written by a resident of Smolensk: "Die to retirement, comrade, save the budget of your country …" Zhirinovsky did not like the poem: he called it harmful and suggested "pondering" about the author . The Duma speaker, in turn, wished the poet a long life and suggested that his Governor would not inspire.