MOSCOW, October 1st. / TASS /. The most difficult part of meeting the requirements of the so-called & # 39; Spring package & # 39; for telecom operators – around & # 39; heavy & # 39; Internet traffic of users (including forwarded images, sounds and video) to store – starts on 1 October.
Large operators stated that they comply with legal requirements, but it is not known how they do it: each company has an individual agreement with government agencies about the implementation of the law, which was previously mentioned by the minister of digital development, communication and mass communication of the Russian Federation Konstantin Noskov.
Most of the requirements of the "Yarovoi package" for the storage of information came into effect on 1 July of this year. According to the law, operators are required to keep voice mail messages and SMS for 30 days from now on and Internet companies are required to store text messages, voice information, images, sounds, videos & # 39; s and other electronic messages from users for six months. Companies are obliged to provide this information at the request of the special services.
Formally, on July 1, the requirements for operators to store Internet traffic became effective, but then it was about storing messages "in zero volume". In fact, operators would not have to start fully tracking messages from users who were sent and received 30 days prior to the introduction of technical means for collecting information in use. However, what specific date is meant for each operator – they are not told in companies. At the same time, the relevant government resolution states that this must be the date on which representatives of the FSB, Roskomnadzor and the telecommunications operator have signed the contract. As far as the technical resources themselves are concerned, their capacity must be increased by 15% per year within five years.
It is assumed that the "Yarovoy package" will make it possible to monitor the communication of terrorists both by telephone and on the Internet and thus contribute to the fight against terrorism.
Search for a solution
Participants in the market during the discussion of the details of the law, which lasted more than two years, repeatedly repeated about the lack of equipment in Russia, suitable to meet the requirements for information storage. At the moment telecom operators are talking about testing different solutions that help them store information in accordance with the law. So Rostelecom tests different equipment for data storage, the company noted.
Rostelecom designs data storage systems needed to meet the requirements of the law, as well as organizing additional channel capacity for sending traffic ", specified the press service of the designated state operator.
"At the moment VimpelCom, like other companies, has started to implement the requirements set by the government and the Ministry of Communications. The configuration of the storage system, the territorial distribution, the implementation of equipment in the current infrastructure of the operator, the estimated volume and the procedure for financing measures are calculated, "in the press service of" VimpelCom ".
The operator has generally drawn up a list of equipment manufacturers and specific suppliers will be determined in the context of tendering procedures, the company noted. "We work with all market participants with expertise in this area, we do not consider it necessary to name a specific supplier before the project is completed." The conditions and order of commissioning of the equipment are specified by the responsible government authorities, "added VimpelCom.
Last week it was announced that the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Communications have drafted a draft government decree to ensure the use of communication equipment by domestic telecommunications companies for the implementation of the Yarovoy package. As the head of the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Denis Manturov, said, there are already technological developments for the transition of telecom operators to Russian data storage systems – the solution was developed by a Rostec subsidiary and certified by the FSB. At the same time, the Minister noted that the delivery of such systems had already started in the interest of Megafon.
"Implementing the legal requirements is a phased process We have implemented a pilot project on the territory of Nizhny Novgorod to introduce and develop the data collection, storage and processing complex of the Citadel Group of Companies based on the hardware solution of National Technologies, we buy and install all the necessary equipment, "TASS told Megafon.
The cost of the "spring package"
The package of anti-terrorist amendments to laws adopted in the summer of 2016, proposed by Duma Deputy Irina Yarovaya and Senator Viktor Ozerov, became one of the main themes on the agenda of the entire telecom sector in the last two years. In the face of uncertainty, companies and experts tried to estimate how much the "Spring package" would cost them: the first estimates of trillions of rubles were gradually replaced by hundreds of billions and then stopped for decades with tens of billions of rubles.
For example, Megafon estimated the cost of the Yarovaya package at 40 billion rubles in five years, MTS at 60 billion rubles, for VimpelCom it would cost 45 billion rubles, and for Tele2 it would cost tens of billion rubles for the next two three years. At the same time, Tele2 hopes to save on meeting legal requirements through a joint project with Rostelecom.
"Together with Rostelecom we are working on a joint project to store traffic according to the" Yarovoi Act "using the company's data processing centers, but it is premature to talk about the details." This collaboration can save costs if they meet the requirements, "TASS told the Tele2 press service.
The impact on the costs of communication in Russia
Traditionally, the cost of mobile communication in Russia is one of the lowest in the world. It is not yet clear whether the operators' investments for the implementation of the "spring package" will lead to an increase in the costs of long-term communication services, according to the statements made by the operators.
"With regard to prices for communication services, we do not intend to increase or decrease them because of the entry into force of the law, but let us be guided by the competitive situation and financing for upcoming large-scale projects, for example the deployment of a 5G network," "Megafon".
Tele2, in turn, commented that it is now difficult to say whether the "spring package" will affect the price increases. "But market parties can not deny that it creates extra value, because it is necessary to spend a lot of money on meeting the requirements." Implementing the law can lead to price increases or capex reduction. "Our goal is to make the project as" green "as possible for the company, not to disrupt its livelihoods, that is, to maintain a lucrative supply for the consumer and to continue to invest in infrastructure," said the company.
The Ministry of Communication and Mass Media has not responded to the TASS research on this subject. Roskomnadzor declined to comment.