Meetings were held in different Russian cities against the change in the pension system, organized by the representatives of the Communist Party. The completely Russian protest action of the Communists was not very numerous.
Even the most massive rally in Moscow could only unite half of the specified number of people: about six thousand participants gathered on the prospectus of the academician Sakharov – such figures are given by the headquarters of the Moscow MVD. At the same time, in the application submitted by the CPRF representatives to the mayor for the rally, the number of participants in 15 thousand people was indicated.
The head of the Political and Economic Communications Agency, political analyst Dmitry Orlov, identifies five important factors that limit the mobilization of the Communist Party in the action of the whole of Russia.
Firstly, the Communists failed to convince the electorate of the seriousness of their intentions, according to the expert. According to him, the chance of a referendum on raising the retirement age, which the Communist Party intends to keep, is "small and declining".
"The block strategy of the Communist Party (if it exists) is not successful," continues Orlov. – "Communist" protest is not considered "national" by either electorate or by the elite. "
Another reason is the insufficient energy of the protest action. "Even the project" Shameful Regiment "has not yet been implemented everywhere and is by no means all seen," the expert notes.
Although the elections for regional parliaments and municipal authorities took place seven days later, the party failed to form a stable association after the election campaign "If you are against reform of the pension system, vote for the Communist Party". It was not possible today.
And finally, the fifth reason lies in the television broadcast of the head of state to the Russians on August 29: "Vladimir Putin has proposed in his speech fairly adequate adjustment mechanisms for some of the least protected social groups, which of course affects the mobilization of supporters of the Communist Party – it slips away, "- Orlov concluded.
Recall, during the television address, the head of state introduced six amendments to the bill on the modernization of the pension system.
- Women retire at 60. In addition, mothers with many children will be able to retire earlier: for example, women with five children will be able to earn a rest in 50 years.
- Russians, who would retire in the next two years according to the old legislation, will receive it the right to pay a pension six months earlier new retirement age. "So that people can adapt to the new life situation, build their plans", said Putin.
- The Government of the Russian Federation will approve citizens who have reached retirement age a special program for professional development. In addition, the maximum amount of unemployment benefits for citizens of pre-pension age will more than double – up to 11 thousand 280 rubles, and employers are required to provide annual unpaid sickness to employees pre-retirement age.
- The existing conditions for pensions will be continued for miners, workers in hot stores, chemical industries, Chernobyl victims and a number of other categories. In addition, the benefits for the indigenous small peoples of the North are preserved. Putin also announced a premium of 25 percent for a fixed benefit of an insurance pension for non-working pensioners living in rural areas.
- The experience giving the right to early retirement will be reduced: for women – up to 37 years, and for men – up to 42 years.
- All federal benefits for property and land tax, effective as of 31 December 2018, are fully retained before the reforms in the pension system are completed. In addition, Putin supported United Russia's proposal to preserve all existing regional benefits: free travel on public transport, utilities, major repairs and gasification, benefits for drugs, and so on.
As Ridus wrote earlier, in July of this year the House of Representatives adopted a bill on changes in pension legislation at first reading. The changes are planned to be introduced step by step from next year.
The Duma will collect amendments to the bill until 24 September. Then there will be a vote in the second and third reading for the changes to the pension legislation, after which the bill will be submitted for discussion to the Federation Council.