TASR, yesterday 8:00
More than 90 percent of all diabetes cases in the world are diabetes mellitus of the second type, which according to experts affect especially the lifestyle and the environment. It was once talked about as diabetic, but it is already present in children and young people. "The most important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes is overweight and obesity," says vice-president of the Slovak Diabetes Society (SDS) Zbynek Schroner. He added that overweight and obesity in young people is a poor diet with excessive consumption of high energy foods with low fiber content.
"We are talking about the so-called coca colonization of lifestyle," says Schroner. According to him, an important factor is a sedentary lifestyle for children. The incidence of type 2 diabetes differs in different countries. We can say a significant increase in the United States of America, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan. In Europe, diabetes mellitus of the second type is most often found in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or Western European countries, but according to Schroner, an increasing number of cases also occur in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia is rarely present. "But we're worried that this situation will get worse," he says.
The basis of prevention and treatment are not medicines, but non-pharmacological measures, ie healthy diet and physical activity. "A big role plays when parents lead their children to the good life. It is very important for children to have their physical activity entertained, so a good choice is not exercise on a bike, but for example skating, dancing or chase, " says Schroner. However, it adds that it is important that diabetes is a whole society.
"Genes make diabetes of the second type possible, but they do not make it" says Viera Doničová from SDS. Genetic susceptibility to the development of type 2 diabetes is not sufficient for the disease to occur. "Risk factors such as the incidence of diabetes in a direct family relationship or increased blood sugar levels in the past are also an increased risk for women who previously had diabetes, people with high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease. Doničová added. Patients with a certain risk factor should be tested once a year. Even in patients without a risk factor, it is recommended to test the blood sugar level every three years.
According to the Diabetes Prevention Program of 2002, people with elevated blood sugar reduced the risk of diabetes by 31 percent compared with patients who did not have any active substance. Physical activity reduced the risk of diabetes by 58 percent. "It is never too late to start practicing or changing your eating habits," says SDK chairman Katarina Rašlová. It is also important to make people aware of healthy food.