50 years have passed since the occupation of Czechoslovakia by troops of the Warsaw Convention Bystricoviny.sk – správy – kultúra



From 20 to 21 August we remind ourselves annually of the occupation of Czechoslovakia in August 1968. "The Prague Spring" undermined the Warsaw Pact troops under the tanks of their tanks at the decision of the Moscow leadership.

In 1968 he signed up for the history of Communist Czechoslovakia with an attempt to create socialism with a human face, which in practice meant an attempt to democratize the communist system.

Since the election of Alexander Dubcek to the 1st secretary of the CPC Central Committee in January 1968, the democratization tendencies such as censorship, freedom of travel, the authorization of the activities of non-communist societies, the efforts to improve the position of the Slovaks in a common state, the improvement of the situation of the churches or the continuous rehabilitation of the regimental victims of the 1950s. These steps found support for the population, whose expectations grew.

At the same time, however, pressure from the Soviet Union and its allies under the Warsaw Pact also exerted pressure. The Soviet Union has looked critically and with unconditional reservations for events in Czechoslovakia. During the negotiations and meetings of leaders of the Warsaw Pact in 1968, the Soviets addressed various warnings to Czechoslovak officials to change the internal political line.

Because Czechoslovak leadership did not come out of this, they decided to reverse development through military action, although Czechoslovak leadership never questioned the main communist positions, such as the alliance with the Soviet Union under the ACP-EU. – Warsaw Convention or the leading role of the Communist Party in society.

The occupation began in the night of 20 to 21 August 1968. In addition to the soldiers of the Soviet Union, Hungary, Bulgaria, Poland and the GDR participated. The total force of invasion troops was 27 divisions, representing more than 500,000 soldiers and about 6,300 tanks, 2,000 units and 800 aircraft.

The Soviets have signed the so-called "invitation letter" by some dogmatic Czechoslovak Communists asking for "fraternal socialist states" to help counter-revolution and maintain socialism in Czechoslovakia, but KSČ leadership, in their opinion, The radio aired during the first hours of the invasion, exposed this action as a military occupation and a violation of international law.

Although the possibility of armed resistance was denied by the Communist leadership, in many places spontaneously armed unarmed people stood in the way of a Soviet tank. They tried to stop them or at least slow down their progress by pulling down the orientation signs or street names. The soldiers of the occupation forces responded to such actions in various places by firing a crowd of protesters, the result of which was the victim of human life.

The leading Czechoslovak leaders Dubcek, Smrkovsky, Cernik and others were arrested and interned. The public expressed a strong objection in the first week to such friendly countries. There have been protests that led to street battles in different places, but MS. the army did not act on behalf of Minister Dzure and then the president of the republic.

The signing of the Moscow Protocol on 26 August 1968 legalized the stay of the troops, which subsequently meant the suppression of the Czechoslovakian attempt at socialism with the human face, a process known as the Prague Spring. The invasion units of the Soviet army remained in the country until 1991.

It was a military occupation at that time of the sovereign country by its allies, despite the disagreement between its lawfully elected representatives and requests for help from other countries, even in the UN Security Council.

According to recent research, at least 108 people have died as a result of the occupation in Czechoslovakia, of which 37 in Slovakia, with hundreds of others being seriously injured. The occupation has stopped the process of democratization and has slowly begun a normalization that has abolished all the achievements of socialism with the human face.

This period is associated with the fate of thousands of brave Czechs and Slovaks who, for their free opinion, lost their jobs, their children did not go to university, looked at their Communist STB, many went behind bars or went to the West. .

50 years have passed since the occupation of Czechoslovakia by troops of the Warsaw Convention Bystricoviny.sk – správy – kultúra



From 20 to 21 August we remind ourselves annually of the occupation of Czechoslovakia in August 1968. "The Prague Spring" undermined the Warsaw Pact troops under the tanks of their tanks at the decision of the Moscow leadership.

In 1968 he signed up for the history of Communist Czechoslovakia with an attempt to create socialism with a human face, which in practice meant an attempt to democratize the communist system.

Since the election of Alexander Dubcek to the 1st secretary of the CPC Central Committee in January 1968, the democratization tendencies such as censorship, freedom of travel, the authorization of the activities of non-communist societies, the efforts to improve the position of the Slovaks in a common state, the improvement of the situation of the churches or the continuous rehabilitation of the regimental victims of the 1950s. These steps found support for the population, whose expectations grew.

At the same time, however, pressure from the Soviet Union and its allies under the Warsaw Pact also exerted pressure. The Soviet Union has looked critically and with unconditional reservations for events in Czechoslovakia. During the negotiations and meetings of leaders of the Warsaw Pact in 1968, the Soviets addressed various warnings to Czechoslovak officials to change the internal political line.

Because Czechoslovak leadership did not come out of this, they decided to reverse development through military action, although Czechoslovak leadership never questioned the main communist positions, such as the alliance with the Soviet Union under the ACP-EU. – Warsaw Convention or the leading role of the Communist Party in society.

The occupation began in the night of 20 to 21 August 1968. In addition to the soldiers of the Soviet Union, Hungary, Bulgaria, Poland and the GDR participated. The total force of invasion troops was 27 divisions, representing more than 500,000 soldiers and about 6,300 tanks, 2,000 units and 800 aircraft.

The Soviets have signed the so-called "invitation letter" by some dogmatic Czechoslovak Communists asking for "fraternal socialist states" to help counter-revolution and maintain socialism in Czechoslovakia, but KSČ leadership, in their opinion, The radio aired during the first hours of the invasion, exposed this action as a military occupation and a violation of international law.

Although the possibility of armed resistance was denied by the Communist leadership, in many places spontaneously armed unarmed people stood in the way of a Soviet tank. They tried to stop them or at least slow down their progress by pulling down the orientation signs or street names. The soldiers of the occupation forces responded to such actions in various places by firing a crowd of protesters, the result of which was the victim of human life.

The leading Czechoslovak leaders Dubcek, Smrkovsky, Cernik and others were arrested and interned. The public expressed a strong objection in the first week to such friendly countries. There have been protests that led to street battles in different places, but MS. the army did not act on behalf of Minister Dzure and then the president of the republic.

The signing of the Moscow Protocol on 26 August 1968 legalized the stay of the troops, which subsequently meant the suppression of the Czechoslovakian attempt at socialism with the human face, a process known as the Prague Spring. The invasion units of the Soviet army remained in the country until 1991.

It was a military occupation at that time of the sovereign country by its allies, despite the disagreement between its lawfully elected representatives and requests for help from other countries, even in the UN Security Council.

According to recent research, at least 108 people have died as a result of the occupation in Czechoslovakia, of which 37 in Slovakia, with hundreds of others being seriously injured. The occupation has stopped the process of democratization and has slowly begun a normalization that has abolished all the achievements of socialism with the human face.

This period is connected with the fate of thousands of brave Czechs and Slovaks who, for their free opinion, lost their jobs, their children did not go to university, viewed their Communist STB, many went behind bars or went to the West …

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