BRATISLAVA, August 20 (WebNoviny.sk) – Nearly half of the Russians know nothing about the occupation of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (CSSR) by the Warsaw Pact troops in August 1968, and more than a third of the Russian population is considering send troops from the Soviet Union to the right. This is the result of an investigation by the Russian agency Levada Center, the results of which were obtained in advance by the British newspaper The Guardian.
About 36 percent of Russians think the Soviet Union is certain or likely "He did well", when he sent his troops to Czechoslovakia. A further 45 percent had the problem of responding to whether this procedure was correct or not. In 2003, only 34 percent of the Russians voted for it.
Some have met the Prague Spring
The results of the survey reflect "The propaganda of the Brezhnev era" and "Stereotypes of the Soviet period"; said Lev Gudkov of the Levada Center for the newspaper, which will publish the results officially Monday on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the occupation.
According to Gudkov in Russia, the events of August 1968 "Forced from public memory". This is shown by the fact that only ten percent of respondents between 18 and 35 years old know the spring of Prague. "Young people do not know and do not want to know what happened,"Said Gudkov.
The rise of the invasion of Warsaw Pact troops in Russia will not pay much attention, because politicians or television stations usually do not comment on this. "In general, the authorities do not want to pay attention to the anniversary," said Andrej Kolesnikov of the Carnegie Center in Moscow.
Incident corrupted conspiracy theories
"It is in the interest of the state to hide the real meaning of historical events of this type, in their interpretation Russian history is a history of statesmen and soldiers, not citizens," he told the Guardian.
Kolesnik & # 39; s events of 1968 fulfilled conspiracy theories. A survey of 21 percent of respondents accused conspirators from the West and 23 percent of anti-Soviet leaders in the CSSR. An estimated 18 percent of Russians called them "A rebellion against the regime introduced by the Soviet Union". This is a decrease compared to 2008, when the events called the uprising of 31 percent of the respondents.
In the survey, the Russians also questioned eight protesters who protested against the occupation on Red Square in Moscow. In protest they later condemned them to stay in labor camps or psychiatric clinics. According to the survey, only about a quarter of the Russians heard about them.
Occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1968
On the night of August 20 to August 1968, the troops of the Warsaw Pact, with the exception of Romania, invaded the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. Units of Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria and the German Democratic Republic were later withdrawn, but the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) deployed its troops on the territory of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. Soviet troops finally withdrew in 1991.
The hope of the Central Communist Party of the Communist Party (Central Communist Party) Communist Party Central Committee (Communist Party of the Czechoslovak Communist Party) Alexander Dubček's occupation of the Communist Party of the Czechoslovak Communist Party and of society led to the so-called standardization policy. In the spring of 1969 Gustáv Husák was elected first secretary-general of the Communist Party of the Czechoslovak Communist Party, and in 1975 he became president. The occupation has claimed dozens of deaths and hundreds of wounded.
The Czechoslovak government recorded 72 deaths in September 1968, from August 21 to September 3, and eventually it was 90. The numbers of wounded ranged. The soldiers left the destroyed roads and the destroyed facades of their houses behind. According to the estimates of the then Ministry of Finance, the direct damage amounted to 1.4 billion crowns.
Later the damage was estimated at 4.48 billion crowns, but the indirect damage was much higher. In connection with the invitation of the Soviet troops to the country, several representatives of the communist regime came before the court, but no one was punished. The information comes from the website www.theguardian.com and the SITA archive.