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Will New Caledonia opt for independence from France?



A referendum on independence from France was held in New Caledonia. According to the polls, a promise is made to defenders of a survivor in France, and many are worried that the old tensions between the indigenous population and French immigrants may be strengthened in this case.

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The inhabitants of New Caledonia, the French & # 39; ocean area & # 39 ;, voted for a referendum on independence from France. It closes at 8:00 CET in Central Europe or at 18:00 local time, before it closes # 353; & # 269; the number of votes was high, 73.7%. & # 160;

The results are expected to be known in the afternoon, shortly after the publication of the results, a speech by the French president Emmanuel Macron. & # 160;

Opinion polls show that they win in a referendum to beat supporters of the New Caledonian faction in France, because "63% to 75% of voters" would vote against independence.

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The inhabitants of New Caledonia, the French overseas territory, decided in the referendum on independence from France. The polling stations are closed at 8 am CET or until 6 pm local time, and before the closing of the polling stations the turnout at elections was high, 73.7%.

The results are expected to be announced in the afternoon, shortly after the publication of the results, a speech by the French PresidentEmmanuel Macron.

Opinion poll suggests that winning the referendum is a praise for advocates of the fate of New Caledonia in France, with 63 to 75 percent of voters against independence.

A high voter turnout was observed in the referendum.PHOTO: AP

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Will the old tensions be strengthened? & # 160;

Some are afraid that, in the case of a rejection of independence, the "old tensions between the indigenous people of Kanaki and the white population who inhabited the island would again strengthen". France is in New Caledonia, where the French Prime Minister is on Monday Edouard Philippa, which improves security. & # 160;

The loudest and proponents of independence are indeed the autochthonous Kanaki, but less than half of the total of 175,000 voters. Independent lawyers from France claim that "New Caledonia" has a number of powers, ie independence & # 34; would not jump to the unknown & # 34; represent.

The opponents of independence, however, see the reason for their decision. They also note that the region receives 1.3 billion euros each year from Paris. After independence, this would no longer be possible, which could harm the economy there.

In the conflicts at the end of the eighties, 19 local residents died

New Caledonia became the French colony in 1853, after 1864 it had been used as a criminal colony for decades. At the end of the eighties, in the middle of the century, clashes broke out between the Canary Islands and the French, # 382; andarians, taken by the locals as hostages. During the operation to re-group the prison group, 19 local residents and two French soldiers died at that time.

In 1998, France and the Eastern Ocean District reached agreement on a gradual decolonization, in which they agreed to hold a referendum on independence between 2014 and 2018. They decided to be able to perform by 2022, # 353; if two referenda on Sunday go against the separation. & # 160;

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Will the old tensions be strengthened?

But many are afraid that in the case of a rejection of independence, the old tensions between the indigenous people of Kanaki and the white population that populates the islands will be strengthened again. France is in New Caledonia, where the French Prime Minister is also expected on Monday Edouard Philippa, thus strengthening safety.

The noisiest proponents of independence are the autochthonous Kanaki, but less than half of the 175,000 voters in the list. Proponents of independence from France argue that New Caledonia has many powers, so independence "would not mean a leap into the unknown".

However, opponents of independence see the reason for the decision to do so. They also note that the area receives € 1.3 billion annually from Paris. After independence, this would no longer be possible, which could harm the economy there.

In the conflicts at the end of the eighties, 19 local residents died

New Caledonia became the French colony in 1853, after 1864 it was used as a criminal colony for four decades. At the end of the eighties, clashes broke out between Kanaki and the French gendarmes who were taken hostage by the local population. At that time 19 local residents and two French soldiers died during the operation to solve the group of gangs.

In 1998, France and its overseas territory reached agreement on a gradual decolonization in which they agreed to hold a referendum on independence between 2014 and 2018. They also decided to hold two referenda by 2022 if on Sunday the majority voted against the secession.

In May, French President Emmanuel Macron visited New Caledonia on the anniversary of the skirmishes between the Canary Islands and the French gendarmerie.PHOTO: AP

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New Caledonia has its own congress, which holds an executive power with jurisdictions in the field of police, local government and a certain part of education. Meanwhile, the French authorities have always had control over foreign and defense policy and high-level women. The overseas territory has two members in the lower and upper chamber of the French Parliament.

If it votes more for independence, New Caledonia, which is 17,000 kilometers from France, will be the third French territory to be split off. The ibuti split in 1977 and Vanuatu in 1980.

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New Caledonia has its own congress that holds executive power with jurisdictions in the area of ​​police, local government and a certain part of education. Meanwhile, the French authorities still have control over foreign, defense and higher education. The Overseas Territory has two members in the lower and upper chambers of the French Parliament.

If the majority will vote for independence, New Caledonia, which is 17,000 kilometers from France, will be the third French territory to be split off. Djibouti split in 1977 and Vanuatu in 1980.


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