Photo: Christine Olsson / TT
State cyber attacks against major Swedish systems are increasing – and there are concrete examples where foreign power has probably been able to steal information, according to FRA. Stock Photography.
Photo: Christine Olsson / TT
The attackers are mainly interested in Sweden's foreign policy, vulnerabilities in society and total defense. Stock Photography.
State cyber attacks against major Swedish systems are increasing – and are becoming increasingly sophisticated, according to the Defense Radio Institute (FRA).
There are concrete examples where foreign power has probably stolen information.
State cyber attacks are underway and are increasing, writes FRA in its annual report. In 2018, "various advanced intrusion attempts" against Swedish targets have been discovered. And there are concrete examples in which other states probably come across secret information, according to FRA.
– We can not go into specific examples, but we have different ways of seeing it, including through our TDV warning system that we have installed at key social functions, says Fredrik Wallin, spokesman for FRA.
The attackers are mainly interested in Sweden's foreign policy, vulnerabilities in society and total defense.
A large part of the infringement concerns qualified industrial espionage.
– You are looking for trade secrets, research results, business plans and the like, says Fredrik Wallin.
TT: How serious is it that foreign power has probably stolen information?
– It's not good at all, of course. If foreign countries can steal information from Swedish authorities, this threatens the integrity of everyone. If you can steal secrets from Swedish companies, the prosperity of Sweden will be threatened in the long term, says Wallin.
FRA, like other authorities working on this problem, notes that the vulnerability of Sweden is great.
– We have a lot of information about computers that are connected to the network. Then it is accessible to an attacker. A qualified attacker who has resources and motivation gets access to the information, says Wallin.
A weak Swedish point is the dependence on digital infrastructure.
– If we get some form of interference in our digital communication, this would seriously affect our society. There it may also be that some attacks are preparing to be able to disrupt our communication in the event of a crisis or war, says Wallin.
This may involve switching off internet, financial systems or electricity and water supply, for example.
New bluff messages
FRA also notes that attempts have been made to hack important systems with malicious code. Difficult scam mails have been replaced by advanced e-mails that often do not give suspicion, even during the wake.
– A qualified attacker who also took the trouble to learn things if the conceivable goal could design such a message, so that it looks very authentic. It may seem like an invitation to a conference that really happens, or minutes after a meeting that really happened, says Wallin.
At the same time FRA points out that it can increase safety with relatively simple means.
"You often talk about shortcomings and vulnerabilities when talking about cyber defense, but we want to emphasize that things can be done to raise the level of IT security – routines, culture and awareness – a positive example we can call is the Riksbank, which FRA has a good working relationship with and where you are actively working to constantly improve protection, "says FRA & # 39; s Director-General Dag Hartelius in a written response.