Sit down, put it back – there are big differences between the cantons when it comes to transferring nursery teachers to the next level. For the first time, researchers have investigated how old students are average after their education at primary school after Chindsgi.
The scientists at the Swiss Center for Educational Research (SKBF), an institution of the Confederation and the cantons, have discovered something amazing: the number of late detainees to be postponed during enrollment or to repeat a kindergarten year varies considerably from canton to canton.
The highest percentage of young pupils with "postponed school attendance", as education experts call the phenomenon, was registered in the canton of Lucerne: 38 percent of native Dutch first graders come here late, children in foreign languages - those students who do not speak German at home – That's 44 percent. In the same way, the high quotas registered the scientists of the SKBF in the Canton of Uri.
The share of school career delays is also remarkably high in Aargau: 25 percent of native Dutch children are already lagging behind in nursery school – that is, every fourth child was put on hold or a kindergarten year had to be repeated. It is 27 percent for foreigners.
Late school entry of migrant children
Late school enrollments and honorary rounds even with the youngest – that is much less common in other cantons. In Basel City the rate is less than two percent. It is also relatively low in Zurich and Graubünden.
The postponed start of school life, as the research shows, is more likely to have migrant children in almost all cantons. "The reason is usually that they do not speak the language enough", says SKBF director Stefan Wolter.
But in cantons such as Lucerne and Aargau, the high late mortality rates can not be explained with a foreigner's problem. "Here, Swiss are scared off almost as often as migrant children," says Wolter. As an explanation, every "lack of school-readiness" tries. "But it can not be that children are not grown only because they live in Lucerne or in Aargau."
The Lucerne Department of Education points out that the canton did not join the Harmos Concordat, so there is only one compulsory kindergarten year, the second is voluntary. The entry is legally determined at the age of five. "There are many children who come in at this age and then go to kindergarten for two years", says Charles Vincent, director of the Lucerne School of Education. "That will result in the advanced age for access to the first primary school."
But in the canton of Zug, which is not yet a member of Harmos and has only one year of Chindsgi Obligatorium, the children are much younger – even more pupils are transferred to the first class too early instead of too late.
The pension benefit can influence school performance
Even primary school director Vincent does not recommend the later entry. But the parents could decide for themselves. "This is politically so deliberate." While it is not necessary to take measures in Lucerne, the ministry of education in Aargau now wants to analyze the high commission rates in its own canton. "We are in contact with the Swiss coordination center for educational research," says a spokeswoman. «Next, it will be investigated whether action is needed.»
One thing is clear: parents offer tangible benefits for their children with a facility. Even with a regular school enrollment, the age difference between the oldest and the youngest child in a class is slightly less than twelve months. "If a child is postponed for a year, this difference in age can go up to two years," says educational researcher Wolter. "In promotion decisions, such as after the sixth grade, where it is decided who goes to secondary school, to secondary or secondary school, such a pension benefit can determine why a student is better than colleagues", says Wolter. "Not because he is more intelligent, but because he has a development advantage."
Especially with well-educated parents who have become. You have already made this calculation. How many people deliberately use this trick to get an advantage for their child can not be determined.
The fact is that the parents' requests for restitution partly increase. In the city of Zurich, the number has increased from 121 to 203 in the last three years, an increase of almost 70 percent. The provisioning ratio at the Zürcher Knirpsen rose from 3.5 to 4 percent within a year.
Created: 25.08.2018, 21:31