Bed bites: five characters to search for and how to remove them

Bedbeth bites are small insects that live in cracks and crevices in and around beds.

They can be difficult to recognize for different reasons, one of them is that they crawl out at night and bite the uncovered skin.

Bedbugs are also very small, with adult bed bugs that only grow to 5 mm long and are about the same size as an apple seed.

One of the best indicators for bedbugs is to distinguish the bites. The NHS lists five characters that show that you are bitten.

The first is that the bites can cause itchy red bumps and not the skin.

Secondly, they usually occur in exposed places such as the face, neck, hands or arms.

Third, they often appear in lines across the skin.

The fourth sign is that in more severe cases they can cause blisters or damp blisters.

Finally, bed bug bites can become infected with bacteria when they are scratched. Signs of infection when this happens are pain, increasing redness and swelling.

The health authority adds: "The bites usually fade within a few days, and if they are very itchy, you can buy a mild steroid cream (such as hydrocortisone) or antihistaminic tablets to relieve the itching.

"Consult your doctor if you get signs of a skin infection, including pain, redness and swelling, as you may need antibiotics."

You can try to find the presence of bed bugs in your bed. You would be able to recognize the small critters or small white eggs. A bright torch can help.

Small black spots on your mattress can also be visible – this can be their dried poo – or you can detect blood stains on your sheets if a bug is crushed after it has been fed.

An unpleasant, musty smell in your bedroom can also indicate an infection.

So how do you get rid of bed bugs and how do you prevent a plague?

First wash infected clothes or bedding at 60C or put them in a hot environment for 30 minutes.

Then use a vacuum cleaner with a hose to suck up any insects. Continue discarding the contents of the vacuum cleaner in a sealed bag.

Consider throwing discarded mattress or furniture that is badly affected.

Use plastic mattress protectors that encircle the entire mattress – this prevents bedbugs from entering or going out.

If you want to avoid bed infestations, you should regularly inspect your mattress and bed for signs of contamination and receive professional advice if you think you have bedbugs.

Avoid buying second-hand mattresses and carefully inspect second-hand furniture before bringing it to your home.

Finally, keep your bedroom tidy and remove the mess.

Horsefly bites are also common this year. The bites are painful and itchy, but there are five other signs that you may have been bitten.

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