As of today, on August 21, the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) has set such courses of the main foreign currency on the hryvnia:
1 US dollar – 27.69 UAH;
1 euro – 31.63 UAH;
10 Russian rubles – 4.12 UAH.
Thus, in comparison with the values of Monday, August 20, the dollar exchange rate fell by 20 cents after the growth of 22 kopecks and stepped away from the psychological mark of 28 UAH / USD. Generally expensive, as expensive as on August 20, it took green & # 39; not from the end of January 2018. At the National Bank of Ukraine The reasons for the sharp rise in the price of the dollar. Deputy Head of National Bank Oleg Churiy reminded Ukrainians about the experience of recent years when by the fall the hryvnia went into a round of devaluation.
The exchange rate of the euro also fell – with 14 kopecks, after a rapid growth of 31 kopecks. The costs of Euro were not raised so high from the end of April-2018.
The cost of 10 Russian rubles fell by 5 cents after the growth of four kopecks on 20 August.
On Friday, August 17, the dollar exchange rate in Ukraine's interbank foreign exchange market has not changed. Non-cash US currency was traded at the level of 27.75 / 27.78 UAH (purchase / sale). The value of the euro was set at 31.66 / 31.69 UAH and rose by 2-3 kopecks. Today's auction has not started yet.
The forecast of the dollar for 2018
According to the baseline scenario of the triennial budget resolution, in 2018 the average annual exchange rate of the hryvnia is forecast at 29.3 UAH / USD, in 2019 – 30.5 UAH / USD and in 2020 – UAH 31 / USD. But in the budget for 2018 indicated that the calculations are made on the basis of the rate of 30.1 UAH / USD. At the same time, both the Ministry of Finance and the National Bank of Ukraine assure us that this course is not a prognosis, so we should only use it as a technical indicator used for calculations on a safety cushion & # 39; to create.
According to the "Prediction of economic and social development of Ukraine for 2019-2021 years", developed in the Ministry of Economic Development, according to the results of 2018, the hryvnia exchange rate is expected to decrease from 28.1 UAH / USD. up to 28.5 UAH / USD. (plus or minus 1 UAH), followed by a weakening to 29.4 UAH / USD. (plus or minus 2 UAH) at the end of 2019. According to the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade, the hryvnia devalues to 30.7 UAH / USD. (plus or minus 2 UAH) by the end of 2021.
- In 2015, the hryvnia was written off one and a half times, in 2016 – devalued by 12.9%, and in 2017 the national currency only weakened by 3%.
- The historic maximum of the official dollar rate – 30.01 UAH – was reached in February 2015. The record of the official exchange rate of the euro in Ukraine – 35.66 UAH – was made on January 26, 2018.
- According to the "Big Mac Index", dollar in Ukraine would cost 8.9 hryvnia.
In addition, previous experts have said: what to expect from the dollar in the fall: