Centaurus B (Proxima Centauri b) was recently discovered near the nearest star of the sun – Centaurus Proxima. to just over 4 year. One day someone can fly. It would be for something.
To hope that on this "B" we will meet the brothers with reason, it would of course be thoughtless. But the chances of supporting at least some kind of life on the planet seem to exist. This conclusion was reached by specialistsfrom the Goddard Institute for Space Studies) and the scientists who joined them at Columbia University.
Anthony D. Del Genio and his colleagues (Michael J. Way, David S. Amundsen, Igor Aleinov, Maxwell Kelley, Nancy Y. Kiang and Thomas L. Clune) have performed computer simulations based on available information. Considered the worst option, according to which Proxima Centauri B struck the so-called tidal and one side was turned towards the light of the sky. That is, one hemisphere is lit and heated, and the other is in the dark and in the cold. But even with such a "lay-out" on the planet, there are circumstances in which water on the surface does not freeze – remains fluid. Not everywhere, but very extensive polynesia.
Results of computer models: there is water, occasionally.
In an article called Habitable Climate Scenarios for Proxima Centauri with Dynamic Ocean, published in the journal Astrobiology, the researchers proved that the ocean on the planet is dynamic – the water circulates and transfers heat from the warm illuminated part to the cold and dark, melting which forms ice and forms polynyas.
Scientists have studied the behavior of 18 types of Centaurus B Proxima, which has changed the circumstances. That is, "introduced" into the model, some or other continents, atmospheres of different thickness, composition and density, made the ocean water more or less salty. And on all of these planets there were places with open water. Which eventually led to the conclusion that the planet near the nearest star of the sun does not necessarily have to be inanimate.
And not "Solaris" in the neighborhood?
Specialists from the National Center for Scientific Research(Center National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS) – specifically scientists from the Astrophysics Laboratory in Marseilles (Marseille Astrophysics Laboratory). Recently we have calculated the most likely dimensions of the Prokima Centauri B and estimated its structure. And they believe that Proxima Centauri b is a planet ocean. Natural "Solaris". As in Stanislaw Lem. The depth of the ocean is monstrous by terrestrial standards – about 200 kilometers …
Proxima Centaurus B is very close to its light source – a red dwarf.