Diabetes in children is a chronic disease characterized by increased sugar levels in the blood. The most common in this population is type 1 diabetes, which occurs when the pancreas stops producing the insulin needed to use glucose.
To a lesser extent, however, they can also develop type 2 diabetes, that is when there is insulin production, but it is not enough or the organism can not use it optimally. What are the triggers? How can you fight?
Solving these questions is very important for all parents. In fact, it is useful to know how it manifests itself, because many of its signals are ignored. Below we share the most relevant aspects and some tips for the treatment.
Causes of diabetes in children
Until now, there is no exact cause to explain diabetes in children. As with other chronic conditions, however, it is the result of genetic, environmental or biological factors. A child has a higher risk of diabetes if:
- You have a family history of diabetes.
- Take an unhealthy diet, rich in sugars and flour.
- He suffers from overweight or obesity.
- Lead a sedentary lifestyle.
- You have low vitamin D levels.
Symptoms of diabetes in children
The clinical manifestations of diabetes in children are usually notorious between five and seven years and during puberty. It is essential to identify them and to request medical examinations because they are sometimes confused with other common diseases. The symptoms are:
- Sensation of constant thirst
- Changes in urinary habits (often urinate)
- Loss of urine during rest (wetting the bed)
- Constant hunger
- Physical weakness and fatigue
- Irritability (in young children)
- Blurry sight
- Constant fungal infections
- Muscle cramps
- Unexplained weight loss
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How to treat diabetes in children
When the doctor has reason to suspect diabetes in children, he continues to confirm the diagnosis by means of a blood test and oral glucose tolerance tests. Once this disease has been confirmed, the child must be checked regularly.
Treatment for type 1 diabetes is based on the use of insulin injections with dosages adapted to each patient. There must also be a control plan for blood sugar levels. If type 2 is diabetes, diet and exercise can help to regulate it.
It is very important to prevent and treat obesity because it is a risk factor for diabetes and complications. Therefore, regardless of the case, it is essential to improve the lifestyle. Here are some tips to help.
The first recommendation to prevent diabetes in children is to feed them with breast milk in the first six months of their lives. Although the formula can help in certain cases, some of them contain unnecessary sugars at this stage.
Care for water
In order to control and prevent diabetes, it is essential to encourage good drinking habits. This moisturizing drink helps the body to detoxify and prevents changes in metabolism.
- Natural water is the best option for replacing sugary drinks.
Read this article: 5 drinks to avoid and your healthy alternatives
Increase fruit and vegetables
The diet to treat diabetes in children can vary in both cases. In general, however, it is recommended to increase the intake of fruits and vegetables, which are an important source of essential nutrients.
The contribution of dietary fiber, antioxidants and vitamins and minerals helps to optimize the use of glucose. It also strengthens the functions of the immune system and reduces the risk of infections and more serious diseases.
Give them whole grains
Although the carbohydrates of the diet must be moderated, the consumption of whole grains is very favorable. Through their intake of dietary fiber they improve digestion and prolong satiety. In turn they increase energy and help the metabolism work faster.
Among the healthiest options we find:
- Whole rice
- Buckwheat or buckwheat
One of the best tools for the treatment of diabetes in children is physical exercise. Therefore, when the diagnosis is positive, the caregiver proposes to encourage any kind of sports activity with the child. Some activities can be:
- Practice swimming
- Walk or run
- Skip the rope
- Do outdoor games
- Go to dance classes
Diabetes in children is a current problem that increases, especially when healthy habits are not taught from the first years. Control is very important because the disease can have other health problems that worsen the quality of life.