However, only about 700,000 diabetics on the island are officially registered, a lower number than the real one, so experts warn that it is "essential" to make progress in diagnosing this condition, according to the Statistical Yearbook of Health 2017, quoted by the state newspaper Granma.
The report notes that the prevalence of this condition has doubled compared to a decade ago and states that more than 55% of people who die from diabetes are younger than 75 years and do not reach the average life expectancy in Cuba. .
In any case, the mortality due to this disease has remained stable over the past few years at around 20 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants for this direct cause.
The publication is of the opinion that the dizzying increase in the prevalence of diabetes and the effects it causes in people suffering from it – especially changing habits and economic costs for the family, health care and society – make diabetes a serious problem. .
Although the national register of diabetic patients has not yet been completed in Cuba, it is estimated that about 1,000 children and young people under the age of 15 suffer, and specialists from the National Institute of Endocrinology have observed a higher incidence in children younger than 5 years. year.
The III National Risk Factors Survey in 2010 found that more than 40.4% of the Cuban population aged 15 years and older do not exercise sufficient physical activity and that obesity, including obesity, represents 43.8%, which has to do with unhealthy eating habits.
The article on diabetes in Granma, which covers the back of this Monday in the newspaper, highlights the main risk factors for diabetes age, heredity and genetics, stress, sedentary lifestyle, hypertension and high cholesterol levels, and he cites some measures to prevent the disease .
It also warns that diabetes can damage the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves, cause heart attack and stroke, neuropathy, kidney failure, sexual dysfunction, blindness and foot ulcers, an infection that can lead to amputation. .
It stresses that diabetic foot ulcers are successfully treated in Cuba with the locally produced drug Heberprot-P, which has prevented about 13,000 amputations. EFE / RA