2 September 2018 01:15 AM
The coercion and discrimination in Venezuela have been condensed into an electronic card called the identity card of the country; plastic, with rectangular shape, rounded corners and a QR code. It is not the identity card, but the government is demanding it more and more. Now it is a requirement for citizens to have access to state benefits, which violates the constitution and thus the basic rights of citizens, say lawyers and representatives of NGOs.
"From now on we will rule with the identity card of the homeland, from the base, from the city, all programs, missions, major missions, ties and plans of protection against the economic war, all & mldr; And what happens in January, imagine it, I'm not going to help them ", President Nicolás Maduro said last year in a national network, about the system he would use to know the socio-economic status of Venezuelans and hence the needs of the people .
These statements were followed by the delivery of 24 bonds, but only for those who were registered in the home country system, and what did not go forward in that decembrino speech was launched in these eight months of the year: the requirement of the map of the homeland in a large part of the public sphere, from obtaining the CLAP bags and boxes, through access to public health, the collection of pensions by beneficiaries of the mayor of Misión Amor to the subsidy of petrol.
"I have to queue for more than five hours and it does not go forward just because they ask me to undergo an operation, I am here in this humiliation," said a 65-year-old man from Catia who got the card last Wednesday. wanted to get hold of an agent in the center of Caracas. In the hospital, Miguel Pérez Carreño must have his jaw serviced. He explained that through the national system they will charge special medicines that he needs for the intervention, which he must obtain through the Embassy of Venezuela in Panama.
For example, there are more cases that show how the government has increased control and coercion through this mechanism. "There have been increased reports of people who require the card to have access to the rights guaranteed by the state, without any restriction or discrimination," said Manuel Vírgüez, director of the Vinotinto movement.
Marino Alvarado, representative of Provea, reinforces what was proposed by Vírgüez. "In its authoritarian and dictatorial despair, the government blackmails the people, who are often forced, by the map of the country that is a control mechanism," he said.
Ali Daniels, director of Access to Justice, explained that in Venezuela ideological elements of a socialist character have been established, in which the will of the people is limited, to the point that the citizen is subjected by gifts based on their needs and from that to handle the elections, "he explained.
He added that the obligation to remove the card violates the dignity of the people, because this instrument is also linked to the PSUV. He said that the compulsion through the card, which is increasing, is affecting the most vulnerable population groups that are being manipulated by the government on the basis of their needs. "The coercion through the map influences all elementary rights of the lower classes of the population.The state has to answer two questions: how are the freedoms of the citizens to be enforced in this way? And why is the map of the country more useful to them than the identity card? & # 39; he asked.
The NGOs compare the national identity card with the food card that is implemented in Cuba. They remember that it started as a mechanism for the distribution and payment of the CLAP boxes, and served as an election mobilization tool for the United Socialist Party of Venezuela in the last four elections. However, everything is not there; there are public institutions that require it to be a requirement to carry out a procedure.
"I went to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with all the requirements to apostille my documents, I did the queue and they did not take care of me because I did not have the country's ID card," said outraged Julia Martinez, 46 years old. , while she had stayed in a row of about 1,000 people from 6:00 am to get it out. "This is a lack of respect because it is a right of all Venezuelans, why do you ask me if I have my identity card?" He said.
The government violates Articles 21, 62, 63, 82, 86, 87 and 305 of the Constitution, according to the Transparency Venezuela report, restricting access to government benefits to people registered in the country. homeland system, which they define as "the apartheid of the 21st century".
He points out that the right to non-discrimination, food, housing, social security, work and free elections is violated with the card. It also indicates that with this technological system of social control the government strives to maintain permanent electoral loyalty in the polls.
In the analysis he points out that the map emerges as the livelihood of a political movement, which in the domain of the electoral system has found the best way to give alleged legitimacy to its sustainability.
Transparency exposes the gaps in information related to the implementation of the card, including ignorance of how much money has been paid from public finances for the 24 bonds provided through that platform, to which government agency the document was attributed. recruitment processes, responsible people and the resources intended for the design of the platform, storage and processing of the data.
The framework behind the application
The Institute of Press and Society of Venezuela has revealed the story behind the applications that the government has recently launched. In the survey "Your voice is secret, your data is not", it revealed that the company that made the application with which the ID card is handled is JMT Solution Technology, owned by Daniel Sifuentes Contreras and Rafael Hernández Quintero. The last one, employee of the Executive Vice-Presidium. According to his report to the Venezuelan Institute of Social Security, in January 2017 he began citing as an employee of that office, which coincides with the creation of the identity card of the country. The employment relationship is maintained until now.
This company is also the creator of the VeMonedero and VePatria applications, which enable access from the mobile phone to www.patria.org.ve. People who want to receive benefits via the card must register on that page with the name, ID, e-mail address, telephone number, bank account number. They must also answer how many children they have, how old they are and with whom they live together.
VeMonedero is a portfolio (software for mobile portfolios) with which users can connect to the home portfolio, monitor their balance and verify transactions in a time interval.
IPYS points out that with the hiring of JMT Solution Technology to create the applications, Article 34 of the Law of the public service statute and Article 73 of the Law against corruption to obtain an economic advantage with possible use of the functions exercised by Hernández Quintero in the vice presidency. This offense establishes a fine of two to four years in prison.
It also warns that one of the risks of the national system is the exposure of personal data and the possible cross-references of data that the state has with the information thus obtained, especially when there is no legislation allowing access to private information. arranges. .