At 28th August 2018 the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has issued an opinion about Electronic Nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) including e-Cigarettes, Heat-Not-Burn devices, Vape, e-Sheesha, e-Nicotine flavored water pipe and similar products on their official website. It spoke in length about Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) and its adverse effects. While ENDS and the products covered by this umbrella, such as e-Cigarettes, Heat-Not-Burn devices, Vape, e-Sheesha have been created to reduce dependence on smoking and smoking, it appears that these products have their own dangers. to have.
What is ENDS?
Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are devices that heat a solution to make an aerosol, which often also contains aromas, usually dissolved in propylene glycol / and glycerin. Electronic cigarettes, the most common prototype, are devices that do not burn or use tobacco leaves, but instead evaporate a solution that the user then inhales. The main ingredients of the solution, in addition to nicotine when nicotine is present, are propylene glycol, with or without glycerol and flavorings. ENDS solutions and emissions contain other chemicals, some of which are considered as toxic substances.
Why can they be dangerous?
Aerosol also contains nicotine, the addictive component of tobacco products. In addition to creating dependence, nicotine may have adverse effects on the development of the fetus during pregnancy. It can contribute to cardiovascular disease in people who use ENDS. Nicotine can also function as a "tumor promoter" and appears to be involved in the biology of malignant diseases. Fetal and adolescent nicotine exposure may have long-term effects on the development of the brain, possibly leading to learning and anxiety disorders. A number of metals – including lead, chromium and nickel, and chemicals such as formaldehyde have been found in aerosols of some ENDS, with concentrations equal to or greater than traditional cigarettes, under normal experimental conditions of use. As such, the evidence is sufficient to warn children and adolescents, pregnant women and women of reproductive age, the ministry points out.
We spoke with Dr. Anand Jaiswal, director of respiratory and sleep medicine, Medanta To know the harmful effects of e-cigarettes, here's what he has to say: "E-cigarettes were first introduced in China and then spread all over the world." Initially, e-cigarettes were thought to be safer in comparison with the normal because it contains nicotine and no harmful carcinogen which exposes people to the risk of cancer, but over time it appeared that the liquid chemical in e-cigarettes could be harmful to the lungs if inhaled for a prolonged period of time. concerns about the safety of e-cigarettes, because there is also a belief that they may contain a certain level of carcinogenic substances that can damage the lungs if consumed over a longer period of time.The FDA does not yet have safety information about the use of e-cigarettes released. "
The ministry has led the states and trade union areas to supervise the sale of these products and to check whether they comply with the Drugs and Cosmetics Act of 1940, which require them to be produced under a valid license for the production of these products. medicines and also a valid sales license for products containing more than 2 mg nicotine. The Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 & Rules, 1945 permit the use of Nicotine to 2 mg and 4 mg in gums, Iozones and strips, which can be used as tools for Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT).
Published: September 2, 2018, 13:04