The world is getting ready for the race to space – Space Race, redux



Space race, redux

Space race, redux

Six decades after the former Soviet Union had won a lead in the space race by launching the Soyuz rocket for the United States, a new round of jousting seems to have reached the critical mass. Even if the Trump government plans a controversial Space Force and Nasa wants to intensify its efforts to explore Mars and deep space, PM Narendra Modi announced a human space mission in 2022. Space Race 2.0 also has private players who look over the horizon. Here is a low-down on the great flight.

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Agencies

United States

United States

History: After losing the race to be the first country with a man in space, Nasa won the one to land people on the moon in July 1969. From then on, the US made jumps in space, with reusable space shuttles, reconnaissance program & # 39; s of Mars, Saturn and the sun.

The flame outs: Space shuttles have proved deadly. Challenger exploded shortly after takeoff and in 2003 Columbia collapsed and ended the Space Shuttle mission and the manned space flight program of America. Since then, NASA has focused its energy on distant planets, but has also stolen part of its space storm by private companies that have been stranded with money and enormous ambitions.

Now focused on: The international space station, created by the US, Russia and others, has been operational since 2000. The country has now looked for a vessel to land people on Mars, and has developed plans to bring people back to space and unmanned deep space exploration units. NASA & # 39; s InSight mars vessel is expected to land on the planet by the end of November this year. The V-P Mike Pence of the country announced in August plans for a space power that apparently goes airborne.

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Russia

Russia

History: The USSR was the first country to put a person in space. It lost part of the US lead in 1969 when Neil Armstrong stepped on the lunar surface. But with the launch in 1986 of the space station Mir (in photo), the USSR scored, which the Republic itself survived. Mir became a legend and has several first to his name.

The flame outs: The country's space program has experienced various problems from the middle to the end of the sixties to the beginning of the 1970s, when several versions of the Soyuz spacecraft saw deadly crashes. The proton missiles failed in 2013 and 2014. Since then the government has tightened control over the space program and combined two space units into one.

Now focused on: Attention is now focused on supplying key components to the International Space Station, making a lunar orbit and a Venus lander. A Mars mission is also on the cards. It also wants to build a new family of rockets and piloted spacecraft. In mid-August, the US called the & # 39; abnormal & # 39; behavior of a Russian satellite that it feared could be used as a deadly weapon from space. Russia denied all underhand plans.

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AFP


China

China

History: Faced with two giants on the verge of space war, China decided to build its own capabilities, starting with its first rocket in 1970 and all the way to the Shenzou Space Craft in 1999. The Chinese moon exploration program was launched in 2007. The land space station, Tiangong 1, collapsed earlier this year, after ground teams lost control of the space station.

The flame outs: The third country that has put people into space has been frozen since 2011 because of Nasa's initiatives because of security problems. The crash of his long Mars heavy rocket was a setback.

Now focused on: It plans to launch a series of missiles that could lead to a manned spacecraft in five years time. It plans to launch multiple moon missions and global coverage for its BeiDou navigation system by 2020. It also wants to capture an asteroid and has planned a mission to Mars.

In image: Shenzhou-11 manned spacecraft with astronauts Jing Haipeng and Chen Dong abandon the launch platform in Jiuquan, China, October 17, 2016.

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Reuters

India

India

History: Beginning with the Arybhatta satellite in 1975, India has steadily expanded its space ambitions. The ambitions of the Indian launch vehicles have increased with the success of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle. The satellite ambitions have been scaled up to a regional satellite navigation system that was launched two years ago.

The flame outs: The Indian Space Research Agency has dealt with two failures last year and no less than eight from 1979.

Now focused on: The goal is to launch a manned space flight by 2022, and to release missions to the moon, Venus and Mars. Chandrayan 2, the second-moon mission of India, should be launched early next year.

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Agencies

ESA (Europe)

ESA (Europe)

History: The urge for space in Europe dates back to 1960, when the first provisional pact was signed to establish a joint space agency. The European Space Agency today has 22 member states and more than 120 satellite launches.

The flame outs: Like other agencies, ESA had to contend with a number of fights, with a Cluster mission for earth observation that could not be started in 1996 and, more recently, a Mars lander who collapsed because of a data breach.

Now focused on: In addition to interest in the immediate space and the moon, ESA has plans to reach Venus, Mars and Jupiter, in addition to venture into the deep space.

In the picture: Aeolus wind satellite, an ESA satellite designed to measure the global wind patterns of the earth.

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Agencies


Business interests

Business interests

Investors have already contributed nearly $ 4 billion in space locations in 2017, according to deal tracker Space Angels.

Company: SpaceX

Founded: May 2002 Founder: Elon Musk

Focus & progress: Enable cheaper space flights with reusable vessels. Has developed Falcon take-off vehicle and Dragon spacecraft to achieve its goals. The company has raised more than $ 1.5 billion to feed its space ambitions and has won NASA contracts and a $ 130 million contract from the US Air Force to launch military satellites with its Falcon rockets.

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Agencies

Blue Origin

Blue Origin

Founded: September 2000 Founder: Jeff Bezos.

Focus & progress: Almost two decades after the company was founded, it slowly moves at the end of the year to bring passengers to space. Tickets may cost $ 20,000-30,000 per person. This company, which annually buys a billion dollars from Bezos, has, according to an estimate, developed a series of spacecraft to meet these plans. It works with both NASA and Darpa on aerospace and manual work programs.

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Agencies

Stratolaunch

Stratolaunch

Founded: 2011 Founder: Paul Allen

Focus & progress: The co-founder of Microsoft has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in the development of a series of flying vessels to transport satellites and other payloads. Allen told Wired that his company would ask for $ 30 million, or half of the reported costs of SpaceX, to launch satellites into orbit around the earth. A medium-sized rocket called Kraken will be operational in 2022, the foreign entrepreneur claimed. There are also plans to fly astronauts into space.

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Agencies


Virgin Galactic

Virgin Galactic

Founded: 2004 Founder: Richard Branson

Focus & progress: The company wants to offer a high-speed ride for wealthy space tourists and a craft to deliver small payloads to companies. The progress was spotty. Launching is often delayed and a disastrous crash of his first vehicle pushed the program back. In 2017, the small satellite launch operation was converted into a separate company. Branson has signed up to some 700 wannabe space tourists, each of whom pays a reported $ 250,000.

Text: Rahul Sachitanand

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