The United States is reconsidering its role in US peacekeeping missions in Africa, with John Bolton, White House national security adviser and defense minister Jim Mattis, who want to place US forces and assets elsewhere.
When Bolton set out the government's new Africa policy on Thursday, he announced that the US is no longer "non-productive, unsuccessful, and unexplained US peacekeeping missions." would support.
"We will not give legitimacy to missions that make large disbursements to countries that send poorly equipped soldiers that do not adequately protect vulnerable populations on the ground," he said in a speech in The Heritage Foundation, a Washington-based political think tank.
Mattis asks for options
Pentagon leaders are of a similar mindset, with Mattis recently recommending the withdrawal of all US peacekeepers from the U.N. peace mission in Mali, an official told VOA.
The official said on condition of anonymity that Mattis had asked for options to free the troops for other missions.
The Pentagon has re-evaluated its troop presence and operations in Africa since an ambush in Niger last year killing four US soldiers, four Nigerian troops and a Nigerian interpreter.
The US is only very limited in the United Nations Multi-Dimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and contributes fewer than two dozen troops to a force comprising more than 13,000 military personnel, mainly from Burkina Faso, Chad, Bangladesh and Senegal. .
The mission has been named the most dangerous mission on earth worldwide, with more than 100 peace smugglers killed in the past six years. Al-Qaida-connected groups have been linked to more than 200 attacks in the G5 Sahel countries (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger) since January 2017, mainly against MINUSMA troops while terrorizing civilians and destroying infrastructure, according to the American Africa Command.
& # 39; End creative thinking & # 39;
Bolton on Thursday criticized the deployment of U.N. peacekeepers on the continent as the "end of creative thinking" to conflict resolution.
He selected the U.N. Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSA), which has been deployed for almost three decades and has not yet led to the referendum that was initially charged with securing. Resources for MINURSA can instead be used for economic improvement in the region, Bolton said.
He added that the US was reviewing its aid to South Sudan, where the U.N. thousands of peacekeepers. There are "no regular US forces" in this mission, a UNMISS official told VOA, but there are a small number of US military advisers and staff officers.
Bolton said the review was to ensure that US aid does not extend the civil war in South Sudan and is now entering its sixth year.
"We will not provide loans or more US funds to a South Sudanese government led by the same morally bankrupt leaders," he said.